pharmacopoeia

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pharmacopoeia

or

pharmocopeia

(fär'məkəpē`ə), authoritative publication designating the properties, action, use, dosage, and standards of strength and purity of drugs. It is compiled under the supervision of professional, usually governmental, authority, and all manufacture and dispensation of drugs and medications are required to conform to it. The first work of this kind, the Nuremburg Pharmacopoeia, was published in Germany in 1546. Similar volumes appeared from time to time in other cities, but there was a wide variation and the need became apparent to standardize such publications under national direction. The first pharmacopoeia published in the United States was compiled for army use and appeared in Philadelphia in 1778. The United States Pharmacopoeia (USP) was first published in 1820 following a convention of medical societies in Washington, D.C. This compendium became the legal standard in 1906 by enactment of the Food and Drug Act. The USP is brought up to date periodically by a committee of the U.S. Pharmacopoeial Convention; supplements are published as needed. Other nations have similar standardized pharmacopoeias.

Pharmacopoeia

 

a book containing descriptions of medicinal substances and providing standards for the purity and dosage of the substances. The first pharmacopoeia, the Ricettario Fiorentino (Florentine Book of Prescriptions), was issued in Florence in 1498. The first such work in Russia, the Pharmacopoea Rossica, was published in 1778.

The tenth, and current, edition of the official Soviet pharmacopoeia appeared in 1968. The Pharmacopoeia Committee is responsible for the compilation, revision, and reissue of the work, which has the force of law. The pharmacopoeia’s standards for medicinal products are mandatory for all the enterprises and establishments that prepare, store, use, and control these products. The pharmacopoeia includes descriptions of the methods of chemical, physicochemical, and biological analyses of drugs, information on reagents and indicators, a list of toxic drugs (list A), a list of highly potent drugs (list B), and tables of maximum single and daily doses for adults and children.

Many countries have national pharmacopoeias. The World Health Organization publishes Pharmacopoea Internationalis, which, however, lacks legal force.

pharmacopoeia

[‚fär·mə·kə′pē·ə]
(pharmacology)
A book containing a selected list of medicinal substances and their dosage forms, providing also a description and the standards for purity and strength for each.

pharmacopoeia

(sometimes US), pharmacopeia
an authoritative book containing a list of medicinal drugs with their uses, preparation, dosages, formulas, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is useful not only for the authentication of samples prior to acid hydrolysis, but also for the quantification of flavonol glycosides as required by the CCCIEMHP, and the pharmacopeial monographs of USP (UnitedStates-Pharmacopeial-Convention 2015), Chinese Pharmacopoeia (Chinese-Pharmacopoeia-Commission 2010), British Pharmacopeia (British-Pharmacopoeia-Commission 2012), and European Pharmacopeia.
[11] "The United States Pharmacopeia," Pharmacopeial Forum USP32 NF-27, 31th edition, 2009.
Pharmacopeial Convention (USP), discovered rising numbers of fake ingredients in products from olive oil to spices to fruit juice.
Pharmacopeial Convention standards will be accepted by the KFDA.
Arranged alphabetically from acacia to zinc stearate, each entry is described in terms of 22 topics, among them: nonproprietary names, synonyms, chemical name and CAS registry number, empirical formula and molecular weight and structural formula, functional category, supplications, physical appearance, pharmacopeial specifications, typical properties, stability and storage, incompatibilities, manufacture, safety, handling precautions, regulatory status, and related substances.
In normal individuals one dose of two regular strength aspirins will affect normal clotting for as long as seven days, UNITED STATES PHARMACOPEIAL CONVENTION, INC.
With increased competition, and stricter standards, regulations and initiatives, such as the US Pharmacopeial (USP) Convention's proposed Good Distribution Practices set to be published in May 2012, it is more important than ever for pharmaceutical manufacturers worldwide to look beyond their own operations and implement real-time QC solutions throughout their entire supply chain.
29 -- Offering a new vehicle for improving medicines quality around the world, the United States Pharmacopeial Convention (USP) last week published the first ten standards for the USP Medicines Compendium (MC) at www.usp-mc.org.
However, the vast traditional pharmacopeial knowledge of the evolutionary biology of Aboriginal peoples has been protected and hidden but in plain sight within the verbal teachings of traditional medicine leaders and just waiting for the evolution of western science and its language.
Pharmacopeial Convention (USP) play an important role, and include standards for finished drug products (for both small molecules and biologies), active and inactive pharmaceutical ingredients, and packaging and distribution standards, as well as storage standards, labeling standards, practice standards for pharmacists, nomenclature standards, and others.
24 February 2010 - The United States Pharmacopeial Convention (USP), a scientific, non-profit organisation, said on 11 February it has held a groundbreaking ceremony for a planned expansion of its USP-India Private Limited facility in Hyderabad.
Typically, the microbiological testing of nutraceuticals is done using Pharmacopeial methods.