pharmacopoeia

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pharmacopoeia

or

pharmocopeia

(fär'məkəpē`ə), authoritative publication designating the properties, action, use, dosage, and standards of strength and purity of drugs. It is compiled under the supervision of professional, usually governmental, authority, and all manufacture and dispensation of drugs and medications are required to conform to it. The first work of this kind, the Nuremburg Pharmacopoeia, was published in Germany in 1546. Similar volumes appeared from time to time in other cities, but there was a wide variation and the need became apparent to standardize such publications under national direction. The first pharmacopoeia published in the United States was compiled for army use and appeared in Philadelphia in 1778. The United States Pharmacopoeia (USP) was first published in 1820 following a convention of medical societies in Washington, D.C. This compendium became the legal standard in 1906 by enactment of the Food and Drug Act. The USP is brought up to date periodically by a committee of the U.S. Pharmacopoeial Convention; supplements are published as needed. Other nations have similar standardized pharmacopoeias.

Pharmacopoeia

 

a book containing descriptions of medicinal substances and providing standards for the purity and dosage of the substances. The first pharmacopoeia, the Ricettario Fiorentino (Florentine Book of Prescriptions), was issued in Florence in 1498. The first such work in Russia, the Pharmacopoea Rossica, was published in 1778.

The tenth, and current, edition of the official Soviet pharmacopoeia appeared in 1968. The Pharmacopoeia Committee is responsible for the compilation, revision, and reissue of the work, which has the force of law. The pharmacopoeia’s standards for medicinal products are mandatory for all the enterprises and establishments that prepare, store, use, and control these products. The pharmacopoeia includes descriptions of the methods of chemical, physicochemical, and biological analyses of drugs, information on reagents and indicators, a list of toxic drugs (list A), a list of highly potent drugs (list B), and tables of maximum single and daily doses for adults and children.

Many countries have national pharmacopoeias. The World Health Organization publishes Pharmacopoea Internationalis, which, however, lacks legal force.

pharmacopoeia

[‚fär·mə·kə′pē·ə]
(pharmacology)
A book containing a selected list of medicinal substances and their dosage forms, providing also a description and the standards for purity and strength for each.

pharmacopoeia

(sometimes US), pharmacopeia
an authoritative book containing a list of medicinal drugs with their uses, preparation, dosages, formulas, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The teas were prepared using five different methods: (1) it was left with boiling water for 10 min at room temperature, (2) it was left with boiling water for 3 h at room temperature, (3) an infusion was prepared, (4) a decoction was prepared (methods (3) and (4) following the Soviet Pharmacopoeia [1]), and (5) it was left with boiling water in a Thermos bottle for 12 h.
Considerable time can be saved by selecting products that have already been validated according to the recommended methods in the European and United States Pharmacopoeias, which have been designed to help manufacturers comply with changing regulatory requirements," states Jane Schulenburg, Global Marketing Director, CP Kelco.
These drugs have to adhere to such standards and quality control parameters as given in the authoritative books, pharmacopoeias and formularies of Ayurvedic, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathic systems, which are different from that prescribed for allopathic medicines.
Documented use of licorice root for healing stomach ulcers goes back to the ancient Egyptians, and it was included in both the American and British pharmacopoeias for stomach ulcers until the 1950's.
Prime mandate of the Pharmacopoeia Commission is to steer the work of developing quality standards of Ayurvedic, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathic drugs and publish and revise Ayurvedic & other Pharmacopoeias, Formularies and regulatory compendia of these drugs.