airway space, hyoid bone position and head posture after orthognathic surgery in class III patients.
The risk of incisional problems is likely related to the length of the pharyngeal
incision and the ease of closure, both of which may be improved by neuronavigation, which allows a smaller incision to be placed in an optimal location rather than the classic "U" or "H" shaped pharyngeal
incisions which provide a wider exposure but increase the risk of wound problems of the delicate pharyngeal
The current study was planned to elucidate variations of the lateral pharyngeal
wall anatomy on physical examination and to assess the clinical importance of the examination of the lateral pharyngeal
wall on OSAS presence and severity.
The other four patients demonstrated persistent VPI and required a secondary pharyngeal
flap to successfully improve their speech.
A total of 260 male patients diagnosed with oral and pharyngeal
cancer and 68 male patients diagnosed with OPMDs participated in the study.
Swallow imaging did not reveal active extravasation outside of the pharyngeal
tract lumen (Figure 2).
For the rest of the species of the genus, there are inferences of dietary strategy based on cranial and lower pharyngeal
jaw morphologies (Lopez-Fernandez, Arbour, Winemiller, & Honeycutt, 2013; Rican et al., 2016) but direct stomach-content analyses are missing.
Upper and lower airway widths were evaluated using McNamara's airway analysis (4) (Figure 1.).The upper pharyngeal
width is the smallest distance from the posterior pharyngeal
wall to anterior half of the soft palate outline.
Very few cases have been reported in the literature describing this anomaly, but its detection is very important to reduce the risk of life-threatening hemorrhagic complications, especially in situations requiring pharyngeal
surgery or abscess drainage (3-5).
Changes in the pharyngeal
airway and position of the hyoid bone after treatment with a modified bionator in growing patients with retrognathia.
The cure rate was 100% for rectal infections, but was just 50%82% for pharyngeal
infections, though few participants in this study had infection at either of those sites.
Conclusion: Cardiac complications of pharyngeal
diphtheria were found to be the most common and fatal followed by polyneuropathy.