pharyngitis


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pharyngitis

inflammation of the pharynx

Pharyngitis

 

acute or chronic inflammation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx.

Acute pharyngitis in man is caused primarily by microbes (streptococcus, staphylococcus, and pneumococcus) and viruses (grippe and the adenoviruses); in the case of a severe cold or sinusitis, the inflammation frequently spreads to the pharynx from the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. The symptoms of pharyngitis are dryness of the pharynx, painful swallowing—especially in the absence of food or drink—and a body temperature ranging from normal to 37.5°C. Treatment includes gargling with alkaline and disinfectant solutions, drinking warm liquids, and a bland diet.

Chronic pharyngitis may result from repeated acute infections of the pharynx, chronic infections in the nose and paranasal sinuses, chronic tonsillitis, and prolonged irritation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx caused by smoking, alcohol abuse, the inhalation of dust or noxious gases, and overexposure to cold. The symptoms are dryness of the pharynx, a burning or tickling sensation (a “scratchy” throat), painful swallowing, coughing, and the frequent need to expectorate. The condition is treated by removing the causative factors, gargling or rinsing the pharynx with alkaline solutions (inhalation), and applying a solution of Lugol’s caustic in glycerine to the posterior wall of the pharynx.

REFERENCES

See references under LARYNGITIS.
L. V. NEIMAN
Pharyngitis in animals is caused by the penetration of microorganisms in the pharyngeal tissues, usually resulting from a chill to the body or from the effect of extreme cold on the mucous membrane of the pharynx. Certain infectious diseases, such as anthrax, strangles, and pasteurellosis, may be accompanied by pharyngitis. The symptoms include difficulty in swallowing, excessive salivation, nasal discharge (with nasal regurgitation of food), swelling and soreness in the region of the pharynx, and—in acute pharyngitis—elevation of body temperature. Treatment includes application of heat to the affected areas, parenteral treatment with sulfanilamides and antibiotics, and serotherapy.

pharyngitis

[‚far·ən′jīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the pharynx.
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What is the probability of group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal (GABHS) pharyngitis (strep throat) in a patient who presents with sore throat?
Bisno therefore takes "strong exception" to the guidelines for treating acute pharyngitis in adults endorsed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the American College of Physicians, and the American Academy of Family Physicians (Ann.
Among the myriad viral causes of pharyngitis (adenovirus, coxsackievirus, rhinovirus, herpes simplex virus, parainfluenza, respiratory syncytial virus, ECHO viruses, influenza, measles, rubella, cytomegalovirus), Epstein-Barr virus (infectious mononucleosis [IM]) and primary HIV infection are two in which Precise diagnosis can improve patient outcome.
This definition does not require clinical pharyngitis.
Comparison of throat cultures and rapid strep tests for diagnosis of streptococcal pharyngitis.
It was at this point that tonsillectomy was considered as a possible treatment modality for her refractory GAS pharyngitis.
Respiratory disease inducing pharyngitis in canines is multifactorial and a number of viral and bacterial pathogens have been reported as potential aetiological agents, including canine parainfluenza virus, canine adenovirus and Bordetella bronchiseptica, as well as mycoplasmas, Streptococcus zooepidemicus, canine herpesvirus and reovirus -1,-2 and -3 (Buonavoglia et al.
5[degrees]C) lasting no more than 7 days and recurring at regular intervals of 2-8 weeks, (b) symptoms in the absence of upper respiratory tract infection with at least one of the following clinical signs: aphthous stomatitis, cervical lymphadenitis or pharyngitis, (c) a failure of antibiotic treatment during febrile episodes, (d) exclusion of other causes for periodic fevers.
In March 2015, a rural urgent-care clinic serving a population of 5,000-7,000 reported a substantial increase in GAS pharyngitis infections since November 2014, with some infections nonresponsive to penicillin and amoxicillin to the Wyoming Department of Health (WDH).
According to IMS Health, (MAT February 2015 data) 14 m patients diagnosed with tonsillitis and/or pharyngitis secondary to S.
001), for antibiotic-appropriate ARI diagnoses, and for 4 individual diagnoses: URI, bronchitis, non-streptococcal pharyngitis, and sinusitis (all Ps < .
Methods: The multi-centre prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in 8 major cities of Pakistan between June 2012 and February 2013 and comprised patients presenting with acute pharyngitis.