trial

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Related to phase IV trial: phase 2 clinical trial

trial:

see procedureprocedure,
in law, the rules that govern the obtaining of legal redress. This article deals only with civil procedure in Anglo-American law (for criminal procedure, see criminal law).
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Trial

 

a concept used in probability theory. Trials may have one (and only one) of the outcomes A1, A2,. . ., An Each outcome of a trial is considered an “event” that has a certain probability P(Ak). Here Trial always holds.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

What does it mean when you dream about a trial?

Dreaming of being on trial may indicate that the dreamer needs to be more accepting of himself or herself and less judgmental of others.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.

trial

[trīl]
(statistics)
One of a series of duplicate experiments.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Trial

Bardell vs. Pickwick
trial for breach of promise results in imprisonment of both parties for not paying damages and costs. [Br. Lit.: Dickens Pickwick Papers]
Trial by Jury
trial of a breach-of-promise suit is dismissed when the judge decides to many the plaintiff. [Br. Opera: Gilbert and Sullivan Trial by Jury]
Trial, The
Joseph K. is tried by a strange court for an unspecified crime. [Ger. Lit.: Kafka The Trial]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

trial

1. Law
a. the judicial examination of the issues in a civil or criminal cause by a competent tribunal and the determination of these issues in accordance with the law of the land
b. the determination of an accused person's guilt or innocence after hearing evidence for the prosecution and for the accused and the judicial examination of the issues involved
c. (as modifier): trial proceedings
2. a motorcycling competition in which the skills of the riders are tested over rough ground
3. Ceramics a piece of sample material used for testing the heat of a kiln and its effects
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Pfizer, a biopharmaceutical company, has revealed top-line results from a double-blind Phase IV trial of Lyrica (pregabalin) Capsules CV to treat adolescents aged 12-17 years with fibromyalgia, it was reported on Friday.
In Phase IIIa, Phase IIIb, and Phase IV trials, almost all the estimates are positive and significant, even atp < 0.01.
A convenient means of doing so is by designing phase IV trials (Table 1).
Phase IV trials may be conducted by a pharmaceutical company after a product is available on the market and has received FDA approval.
The Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association, on the basis of a survey of its members, estimated that the 2004 spend was in the order of R650 million (personal communication with Maureen Kirkman, Head: Scientific and Regulatory Affairs, Pharmaceutical Industry Association of South Africa), but it is unclear whether this included phase IV trials as well.
The bill would also require drugmakers to publish a registry of all late-phase II, phase III, and phase IV trials, and to make all trial results available in a public database.
Taking the logic of this first category further, we must encourage, hopefully even mandate, the continuation of Phase IV trials, in order to monitor longer range results that can show us where patient vulnerabilities may show up, and if they do, in which specific groups or types of patients.