An efficient Quantum Phase Shift
Energy Conserved Data Security (QPSEC-DS) technique is proposed with the objective of improving the security during data packet transmission with minimum energy conservation in MANET.
In this work, the accepted differential phase shift
is considered as 90[degrees] [+ or -] 10[degrees] however an analog procedure can be performed for other tolerances.
The circuit provides a theoretical phase shift
range of 540[degrees] , which ensures a usable range of, at least 360[degrees].
However, the useful phase shift
range is limited to 25[degrees]-48[degrees] with a phase deviation of [+ or -]3[degrees].
So, the expression for the phase shift
is given by:
Even though phase shifts
can have long-term negative effects for coral reefs, eliminating organisms responsible for phase shifts
can be difficult, particularly if they cover a large area.
The phase shift
requirement is met by controlling the phase in the loop.
The analysis of the phase shift
was conducted for [I.
Laboratory, "unless you have an experimental setup which converts the phase shift
into intensity shift so that it can be recorded.
The phase shift
keying appears to be very resistant against nonlinear effects, because the envelope of signal is constant.
Section 2 outlines plasma channel environment, the roadmap and methods with which to acquire transmission coefficient and phase shift
characteristic for plasma sheath channel in details.
Magnetic field tuning of the dielectric resonance frequency alters the mode characteristics, including the differential phase shift
and insertion loss at a given frequency.