phases of matter


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phases of matter:

see states of matterstates of matter,
forms of matter differing in several properties because of differences in the motions and forces of the molecules (or atoms, ions, or elementary particles) of which they are composed.
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References in periodicals archive ?
That similar phases of matter emerge in biological systems was very surprising to me," said Savage, a professor at the University of Washington.
New, strange phases of matter may include things like a molecular supersolid, a type of matter in which the molecules would be arranged in a solid shape but could flow inside the solid without friction.
The successful implementation of this design algorithm will present us with an exciting opportunity: Mechanical systems might enable the discovery of yet unobserved topological phases of matter.
When thermal energy is low enough, the effects of electron interactions, for instance, become observable, leading to new phases of matter.
This general chemistry textbook introduces the structure of an atom, the periodic table, ionic and covalent bonds, chemical equations, phases of matter, solutions, chemical reaction concepts, acid-base chemistry, and basic nuclear chemistry.
The author cites the organization implicit in the phases of matter and the paradoxical role of collective behavior in quantum measurement.
The framework for this unusual state of matter was predicted by Prof Duncan Haldane, who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics for the development of the topological phases of matter theory with David Thouless and Michael Kosterlitz in 2016.
The general chemistry section covers measurement, periodicity, ionic and covalent bonds, calculations, phases of matter, solutions, chemical reaction concepts, acid-base chemistry, and nuclear chemistry.
The laws of thermodynamics predict that gases and other phases of matter progress toward a state of maximum entropy.
A general understanding the nature of magnetic quantum phases of matter requires the study of magnetic systems beyond spin-1/2, where more magnetic phases are possible.
Confusingly the term "gauge" is still used although it refers no longer to changes in the phases of matter waves and of the internal properties of subatomic particles (the properties that determine their identities, really) that are related to the phases.
We foresee a mathematical theory of dynamical quantum phases of matter with applications in the theory of quantum transport and nanoscale devices that manipulate heat, information, charge or magnetization.