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The condition of having an abnormally small number of platelets in the circulating blood.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a decrease in the number of platelets to fewer than 200,000 per mm3 in the peripheral blood. It may result from the redistribution of platelets in the bloodstream or from hemorrhage. Other causes are the intensified loss of platelets associated with thrombocytopenic purpura, splenomegaly, disseminated intravascular thrombosis, and the use of certain drugs. Thrombocytopenia may also result from disturbance of platelet formation in the bone marrow in leukemia or aplastic anemia, and from ionizing radiation. Blood clotting is impaired in thrombocytopenia, resulting in a tendency of the mucous membranes to bleed, as well as in hemorrhaging and the appearance of petechiae in the internal organs. Bleeding usually becomes continuous when the platelet count falls below 20,000–30,000 per mm3 of blood. Therapy involves treatment of the underlying disease, administration of hemostatics, and transfusion of platelets.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 2004, a HFLT-like component, initially named early PHAT, was reported in the periphery of all PHAT cases in which the periphery was evaluable.
Phat Katz has a turnover of pounds 109,787 net of VAT for the year ended 31st March 2007.
"The redeployment of the troops that we have agreed to will finish before the ministerial meeting on August 18," Neang Phat, the Cambodian army officer, said.
However, they remain business associates, as she is the creative force behind Baby Phat, a Phat Farm offspring, as well as parents to their two daughters, Aoki and Ming Lee, who are models for Baby Phat Kids' Collection.
* Grand Hyatt Amman announces its celebrations of Mother's Day, by inviting families to take this special occasion and spoil Mother on her very special day, be it at L'Incontro with a delectable three-course set menu and the tunes of our pianist Maya; at Indochine, where the sensuality of Vietnam along with chef Maky Phat's exclusive menu, will guarantee a perfect evening; or at the Grand Deli, with a variety of delicious home made cakes to choose from.
"Especially for women of color, it's difficult to prove yourself in the workplace," says Kimora Lee Simmons, president and creative director of Baby Phat. "This is a man-dominated world, whatever world that is, whether that's fashion, business, entertainment, Wall Street, you name it.
/ He provides me with back-up in front of my player-haters, and I know that I am a baller and life will be phat. I fall back in the Lord's crib for the rest of my life." (www.
"I think it will be really salable," Gold said...DAN RIVER has signed a licensing agreement with Phat Fashions to develop and market a home collection line under the Phat Farm and Baby Phat brand names.
Queen of comedy Mo'Nique sees this relationship as symbiotic and mutual, so the big-boned star of the new romantic comedy Phat Girlz rang up The Advocate to share a few belly laughs and a whole lotta love.
(It's more than a little ironic that in a pie designed to celebrate "phat girlz," almost all of the men on view are buff.)
Chelsea and Ivory Coast star Drogba (top left) and Fenerbahce and France striker Anelka - who may or may not be working under the monikers of Snoop Droggy Drog and Anelka Bambaataa - are dropping phat lyrics and funky beats on a record with French rap artist Doc Gyneco (whose name translates as Dr Gynaecology, by the way).