pheasant

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pheasant,

common name for some members of a family (Phasianidae) of henlike birds related to the grouse and including the Old World partridge, the peacock, various domestic and jungle fowls, and the true pheasants (genus Phasianus). Pheasants are characterized by their wattled heads and long tails and by the brilliant plumage and elaborate courtship displays of the male. They are all indigenous to Asia, chiefly India. The English pheasant, introduced from the Black Sea area before 1056, has been interbred with both the Chinese ring-necked and the Japanese pheasants, and the hybrid ring-necked pheasant, Phasianus colchicus, is established as a common game bird in the N United States. It eats berries, seeds, young shoots, and insects and prefers open country with brush cover. The body of the male ring-necked pheasant is mostly reddish brown, the head and neck an iridescent dark green, the face red, and the neck ringed with white. The protectively colored hen is distinguished from the grouse by her long tail. The closely related ruffed grouse is called pheasant in the central and S United States. Asian pheasants of great beauty are the argus (Argusianus argus), the golden (Chrysolophus pictus), the silver (Gennaeus nycthemerus), and the Lady Amherst (C. amherstiae), all of which inhabit the Himalayas—as do the Reeves pheasant (Syrmaticus reevesii), with an 8-ft (2.4-m) tail, the unique tree-dwelling Impeyan pheasant (Tophophorus impejanus), and the tragopan, or horned, pheasant (Tragopan temmincki). Pheasants are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Galliformes, family Phasianidae.

pheasant

[′fez·ənt]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of various large sedentary game birds with long tails in the family Phasianidae; sexual dimorphism is typical of the group.

pheasant

1. any of various long-tailed gallinaceous birds of the family Phasianidae, esp Phasianus colchicus (ring-necked pheasant), having a brightly-coloured plumage in the male: native to Asia but introduced elsewhere
2. any of various other gallinaceous birds of the family Phasianidae, including the quails and partridges
3. US and Canadian any of several other gallinaceous birds, esp the ruffed grouse
References in periodicals archive ?
OUTLOOK: Stable populations of pheasants are predicted throughout much of the northeastern range, while it's tougher to pin down where populations will end up in the southeastern portion of the state.
Of those pheasants that survive long enough to be exposed to guns and are hit over 40% are likely to be injured or crippled rather than dying quickly, as many studies around the world now show.
Pheasants are very familiar birds in and around Cleveland, though they are not regular visitors to gardens.
The model indicated that nest-site success of brown-eared pheasants was negatively related to cover of shrubs, and first-order interaction between cover of trees and cover of shrub at a height of 1.0 m, suggesting bigger cover of shrubs, cover of trees and cover of shrub at height of 1.0 m were the best predictors of nest success from a diverse predator community.
You have a dinner party and you knock up a bit of rabbit, a bit of wild buck, and they're like, 'Wow!' "I think about my mum too - every year, someone would give her a brace of pheasants and, more often than not, they'll end up in the freezer.
Federal Premium announced it has surpassed a total of 50 million shotgun shells sold in support of Pheasants Forever, a leading upland habitat conservation organization.
ANORTHUMBERLAND gamekeeper has won a High Court battle after being told he could not shoot buzzards that were killing his pheasants.
Two former winners and rivals, John Brannigan and Grant Smith, will be among those vying for the title, plucking pheasants using only their hands on Saturday, November 21.
PESHAWAR -- Dhodial pheasantry, set up in Manshera by Wildlife Department of KP for introduction and promotion of indigenous and exotic species of pheasants, is also providing opportunity to the scientists and researchers to study behaviour of beautiful birds and collect data for there sustainable conservation.
The pheasants were gently placed on a rubber surface in a dorsal recumbent position.
We captured hen pheasants using baited funnel entrance box traps and night lighting techniques (Labisky, 1959) from Jan.-Mar.