Phenanthrene


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phenanthrene

[fə′nan‚thrēn]
(organic chemistry)
C14H10 A colorless, crystalline hydrocarbon; melts at about 100°C; the nucleus is produced by the degradation of certain alkaloids; used in the synthesis of dyes and drugs.

Phenanthrene

 

a tricyclic aromatic hydrocarbon occurring as colorless crystals that are insoluble in water and soluble in organic solvents. Phenanthrene has a melting point of 101°C and a boiling point of 340°C. The structural formula is

Phenanthrene solutions possess a light blue fluorescence. The compound, together with its linear isomer anthracene, is contained in coal tar. Derivatives of the compound in which the phenanthrene rings are partially or completely hydrogenated are commonly encountered in plants and animals (resin acids, steroids). Phenanthrene is used in the production of dyes.

References in periodicals archive ?
001) were significantly higher in the inland samples; biphenyl, dibenzofuran, phenanthrene, and 1-methylphenanthrene were not significantly different between the two locations (p > 0.
Based on the methyl phenanthrene index [23], the maturity parameter utilizes the relative abundance of phenanthrene and methyl phenanthrene yields calculated vitrinite reflectance (VRc%) ranging from 0.
6), fluorescence quenching of phenanthrene (Ph) and anthracene (An) by MAH and ODSA in chloroform solution was studied.
With reference to figure 1, it is obvious that the two paint brands have comparable levels of the polycyclic hydrocarbons except the case where Phenanthrene is found in Glaxo but completely undetectable in Demcork.
In determining appropriate therapy for a patient with an IgE antibody-mediated allergy, recognition of structural differences between opioid analgesics (for example, the phenanthrenes such as morphine and oxycodone versus the synthetic drugs such as pethidine and fentanyl) has historically been recommended (179), but our current ignorance of opioid drug allergenic determinants and cross-reactions detected by IgE antibodies should be kept in mind.
By collecting blood samples before, during and after smoking the team were able to track the concentrations of phenanthrene metabolites and determine the speed at which they formed in the body.
We tested for naphthalene, 2-methylnaphthalene, 1-methylnaphthalene, anenaphthylene, acenaphthene, flourene, anthracene, phenanthrene, fluoranthene, pyrene, chysene, benz(a)nthracence, benzo(a)pyrene, benzo(b)flouranthene, benzo(k)fluoranthene, indeno(l,2,3-cd)pyrene, dibenz(a,h)anthracene, benzo(ghi)perylene.
Effects of glucosinolates-rich broccoli sprouts on urinary levels of aflatoxin-DNA adducts and phenanthrene tetraols in a randomized clinical trial in He Zuo Township, Qidong, People's Republic of China.
They added a labelled PAH called phenanthrene to cigarettes and tracked its fate in 12 people who smoked.
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon metabolizing enzyme activities in human lung, and their inducibility by exposure to naphthalene, phenanthrene, pyrene, chrysene, and benzo pyrene as shown in the rat lung and liver.
Cloning and characterization of a chromosomal gene cluster, Pah, that encodes the upper pathway for phenanthrene and naphthelene utilization by Pseudomonasputida ou S82, J.
The BAF for the three locations (Table 5) indicated that values for phenanthrene, pyrene, benzo(a) anthracene, chrysene, benzo(b) fluoranthene, benzo(k) fluoranthene, benzo(a)pyrene, dibenzo(a,h)anthracene and benzo (g,h,l) perylene were higher than 1.