Despite the removal of DEHP from some nail polishes, phthalates remain in widespread use by the cosmetic industry, often hidden behind the term "fragrance." Other endocrine disruptors include estrogenic paraben preservatives in shampoos, moisturizers, sunscreens, and cosmetics; glycol ethers; phenylphenol
; BHA and lithium carbonate; iodine; and progesterone.
Top ingredients of concern in Skin Deep: Known and probable reproductive and Known and probable carcinogens developmental toxins Acrylamide Lithium carbonate Coal tar Dibutyl phthalate Ethylacrylate Toluene Formaldehyde Lead acetate HC Blue 2 Potassium dichromate Lead acetate Butoxyethanol Phenacetin Dimethicone triethanolamine Phenolphthalein Diethanolamine Phenylphenol
Cetyl phosphate Potassium dichromate Diglycol-cyclohexanedimethanol Progesterone Selenium sulfide
content=findings_ingreds_of_concern#begin Top ingredients of concern in Skin Deep: Known and probable carcinogens Acrylamide Coal tar Ethylacrylate Formaldehyde HC Blue 2 Lead acetate Phenacetin Phenolphthalein Phenylphenol
Potassium dichromate Progesterone Selenium sulfide Known and probable reproductive and developmental toxins Lithium carbonate Dibutyl phthalate Toluene Lead acetate Potassium dichromate Butoxyethanol Dimethicone triethanolamine Diethanolamine Cetyl phosphate Diglycol-cyclohexanedimethanol
The percentage of undeveloped larvae was significantly higher when the insects were fed with the control diet, when compared to larvae in diets containing sodium benzoate, formaldehyde and phenylphenol (Table 2).
saccharalis larvae developed with a diet containing formaldehyde, differing significantly when parasitized larvae were fed using the control, sodium benzoate and phenylphenol treatments (Table 5).
Pesticides with relatively large ERRs, including dimethomorph (expiration of European Union authorization, September 2017), fludioxonil (October 2018), fenhexamid (May 2011), imazalil (December 2011), linuron (December 2013), ortho phenylphenol
(December 2019), tebuconazole (August 2019), and pirimiphos-methyl (September 2017), may be important antiandrogenic pollutants at present and in the future (Table 1).
Terouanne et al., "Phenylphenols
, biphenols, bisphenol-A and 4-tert-octylphenol exhibit alpha and beta estrogen activities and antiandrogen activity in reporter cell lines," Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, vol.
Based on the results of GC-MS analysis, monohydric phenols, such as phenols, indanols, naphthols, phenylphenols, fluorenols and phenanthrenols, were identified in the two oils.
The oxygen compounds in the acid fractions of LSO and SLTCT are represented by phenols, indanols, naphthols, phenylphenols, fluorenols and phenanthrenols, and their derivatives.
p-phenylphenol, o-phenylphenol, and higher phenylphenols
were found in a small lake receiving contaminated groundwater in the Aberjona watershed in eastern Massachusetts.
, biphenols, bisphenol-A and 4-tert-octylphenol exhibit [alpha] and [beta] estrogen activities and antiandrogen activity in reporter cell lines.
, biphenols, bisphenol-A and 4-tert-octyphenol exhibit alpha and beta estrogen activities and antiandrogen activity in reporter cell lines.