philanthropy

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philanthropy,

the spirit of active goodwill toward others as demonstrated in efforts to promote their welfare. The term is often used interchangeably with charity. Every year vast sums of money are collected for invaluable philanthropic purposes, and an increasing number of people participate in the work of collecting money through highly organized campaigns, the purpose of which is fund-raisingfund-raising,
large-scale soliciting of voluntary contributions, especially in the United States. Fund-raising is widely undertaken by charitable organizations, educational institutions, and political groups to acquire sufficient funds to support their activities.
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. In many countries philanthropy has been incorporated in government policy in the form of tax exemptions for contributions to charitable agencies. It has become so accepted that few now escape the demands of giving, and many important institutions are partly or wholly dependent on it.

In early times, charity was usually prompted by religious faith and helped to assure a reward in an afterlife, a notion found in Egypt many centuries before the Christian era. Throughout history, active participation in philanthropy has been a particular characteristic of Western societies. A traditional philanthropic ideal of Christianity is that of the tithe, which holds that one tenth of a person's income should go to charity. Charity is also important in Islam, Buddhism, and other religions. Foundationsfoundation,
institution through which private wealth is contributed and distributed for public purpose. Foundations have existed since Greek and Roman times, when they honored deities.
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—institutions that distribute private wealth for public purposes—also have an ancient history.

At the end of the 19th cent. it was recognized that corporations could play a part in financing voluntary agencies when the Young Men's Christian Association set a new pattern for raising money: intensive drives over a short period of time, the use of sophisticated techniques to raise money, and an emphasis on corporation donations. Other voluntary agencies soon copied this pattern, and it is still the typical practice for large-scale fundraising. During World War I, coordination of effort became a trend in philanthropic activity. In the United States, this coordination took the form of Community Chestscommunity chest,
cooperative organization of citizens and social welfare agencies in a city. Also known as a united fund, it has two purposes: to raise funds through an annual campaign for its member agencies and to budget the funds raised.
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, which combined a number of charities under one appeal, now known as the United Way.

Today the organization and coordination of philanthropy has eliminated much of the spontaneity of giving. They have also brought about a more rational assessment of ability to give as well as the introduction of scientific methods of ascertaining community and national needs and of raising money. The focus has also shifted from the relief of immediate need to long-term planning to prevent future need.

Philanthropy

Appleseed, Johnny
nickname of John Chapman (c. 1775–1847), who traveled through the Ohio Valley giving away apple seeds and caring for orchards. [Am. Hist.: Collier’s, IV, 569]
Carnegie, Andrew (1835–1919)
steel magnate who believed the rich should administer wealth—for public benefit. [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 83]
Guggenheim
19th- and 20th-century family name of American industrialists and philanthropists. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 1159]
Mellon, Andrew (1855–1937)
financier and public official; left large sums for research and art. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 1743]
Rhodes, Cecil (1853–1902) British
imperialist; left millions of pounds for public service; notably, the Rhodes scholarships. [Br. Hist.: NCE, 2316]
Rockefeller, John D(avison)
(1839–1937) American multimillionaire; endowed many institutions. [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 431]
References in periodicals archive ?
The Contingent Grant model gives service providers such as us, and governments, the ability to unlock the potential of philanthropic capital.
Shaikh Maktoum Bin Mohammad Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Deputy Ruler of Dubai, agreed, "Through our partnership with Twitter to launch the #YouthForGood initiative, we seek to use the platform to channel young people's efforts towards humanitarian and philanthropic work and encourage them to share their stories, achievements and inspirations.
Andy continued: "I don't think there's anything quite like the Philanthropic Foundation anywhere else in the entire country.
The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, owned by Microsoft founder Bill Gates and his wife Melinda Gates, is the biggest philanthropic donor to the nation.
The theme of this forum was 'Conventional to Strategic: A New Paradigm in Giving' held with an aim to celebrate the achievements of PCP since 2001 and join heads to bring improvement in philanthropic operations of PCP.
He said philanthropic organisations need to help out-of-school children acquire education.
The petitioner raised a legal point before LHC as halting an individual or an organization from philanthropic activities is unconstitutional.
K Waheed Dogar asked the LHC to uplift the ban on Falah-e-Insaniat Foundation (FIF).The petitioner raised a legal point before LHC as halting an individual or an organization from philanthropic activities is unconstitutional.
Commenting on the occasion, Farah Bastaki, NBK Public Relations Officer, said that NBK's commitment to the community, which by far exceeds the role normally expected from a banking institution and embraces a broad spectrum of social and philanthropic involvement.
The Kuwaiti diplomat expressed keenness in in supporting Direct Aid's philanthropic actions and providing whatever it needs to attain its goal to the fullest in enhancing development in Tunisia.
Mining magnate Andrew "Twiggy" Forrest has made the biggest single philanthropic donation in Australian history, giving away Aus$400 million (US$298 million) to a variety of social and scientific causes.
Andrew Forrest, founder and chairman of iron ore giant Fortescue Metals Group, has made the biggest single philanthropic donation in Australian history to support a variety of social and scientific causes.Forrest and his wife Nicola said on Monday they would give away Aus$400 million ($298 million, 266 million euros) in a donation described by Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull as a "game-changer in the Australian philanthropic community."