Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.


see arumarum,
common name for the Araceae, a plant family mainly composed of species of herbaceous terrestrial and epiphytic plants found in moist to wet habitats of the tropics and subtropics; some are native to temperate zones.
..... Click the link for more information.



a genus of lianas of the family Araceae. The plants climb by means of aerial roots and sometimes spread along the ground and forest underbrush. The plants are often epiphytes. A few species have a shortened stem. All parts of the plant contain a milky juice. The lobate or pinnatisect entire leaves are oval or elongate, with a heart-shaped or arrow-shaped base. The unisexual flowers lack a perianth and are in spadices surrounded by a white, yellow, or red spathe. The pistillate flowers are at the base of the spadix; above them are the staminate flowers. Underdeveloped sterile flowers are at the apex of the spadix. The fruit is a berry.

There are more than 250 philodendron species, in the tropics of Central and South America. A number of species, including P. scandens and P. selloum, are grown in conservatories and homes as ornamentals. Sometimes plants of the genus Monstera are erroneously called philodendrons.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
kewi now includes Brazil, England and Mexico, although the Philodendron sinuatum from which the holotype was collected at Kew came from Trinidad (Mound & Marullo 1996).
DAVID KLEMENT, The Bradenton Herald in Florida: We had one candidate for the local airport authority who had completed his interview kind of hanging around our lobby atrium, which is bordered with live hanging philodendron plants.
IF you have any house plants like philodendron, left, now is a good time to replace the mossy stick on which they are growing.
The philodendron plant is an excellent accent plant.
5) A list of plants reported to be toxic specifically to budgerigars includes avocado (Persea americana), black locust (Robina pseudoacacia), clematis (Montana rubens), lily-of-the-valley (Convallaria majalis), oleander (Nerium oleander), philodendron (Philodendron scandens), poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima), Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia), and yew (Taxus media).
For example, the curvilinear shape of the large philodendron leaves in Music are transformed to seaweed shapes in Polynesia, the Sea and then finally become the translucent leaves of the Tree of Life stained-glass window.
Two sons of the South, one a Democrat, the other a Republican, relished the society of our small place in the sun, while just outside the window lizards danced on the riot of green philodendron and elephant ears and palmetto leaves.
Top air-cleaners include philodendron, Boston fern, peace lily and English ivy.
Moss-covered palm, wild cacao, cypress, parrot apple, wild manjack, and cicropia are festooned in tangles of liana vines gum philodendron or crowned with orchids, bromeliads, and other epiphytes.
SELF-CONTROL Seymour reminisces that he first learned about heat-generating flowers several decades ago, when a friend brought the large fingerlike projection of a self-heating flower, Philodendron selloum, as a conversation piece to a California party.
I started by sitting by my computer under a--well, a philodendron isn't quite a coolibah tree, but close enough--and waiting 'till my billy boiled.
The "Lake Vic" is a well-maintained colonial vestige with a garden of hibiscus, royal palms, ficus, philodendron, bougainvillea, and ferns.