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see arumarum,
common name for the Araceae, a plant family mainly composed of species of herbaceous terrestrial and epiphytic plants found in moist to wet habitats of the tropics and subtropics; some are native to temperate zones.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of lianas of the family Araceae. The plants climb by means of aerial roots and sometimes spread along the ground and forest underbrush. The plants are often epiphytes. A few species have a shortened stem. All parts of the plant contain a milky juice. The lobate or pinnatisect entire leaves are oval or elongate, with a heart-shaped or arrow-shaped base. The unisexual flowers lack a perianth and are in spadices surrounded by a white, yellow, or red spathe. The pistillate flowers are at the base of the spadix; above them are the staminate flowers. Underdeveloped sterile flowers are at the apex of the spadix. The fruit is a berry.

There are more than 250 philodendron species, in the tropics of Central and South America. A number of species, including P. scandens and P. selloum, are grown in conservatories and homes as ornamentals. Sometimes plants of the genus Monstera are erroneously called philodendrons.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Peace Lily has a pretty, curving white blooms and dark leaves, while Heart Leaf Philodendron's perky, dark green leaves come to a heart shape where they meet the stems, making it a quintessential easy indoor plant.
Araceae compreende um grupo de monocotiledoneas herbaceas com 117 generos e, aproximadamente, 4000 especies de habitos variados, sendo 34 generos endemicos das Americas, onde Anthurium e Philodendron sao os mais representativos [6].
Efecto de la extraccion de raices aereas sobre las poblaciones de "Tripeperro" (Philodendron longirrhizum, Araceae) en los Andes Centrales de Colombia.
dieffenbachia, Philodendron, syngonium) and it is likely that Psydrothrips shares the same origin.
Most houseplants are hardy and very forgiving, and some, like the ubiquitous philodendron and mother-in-law's tongue, are virtually indestructible.
Good choice for plants used as room dividers are large foliage specimens such as Dracaena, Philodendron, Monstera, hanging basket stands(species of Chlorophytum Episcia, Zebrina), small and medium potted plants(Aglonema, Diffenbachia).
There is no fall or winter in Kushner's work, although Three Philodendron Monstera, 2007, and Trudy's Garden, 2006, do feature some brown and black planes evocative of the mortality implicit in both.