For each participant, multiple variables were measured from each of the four speech subsystems (respiratory, phonatory
, articulatory, and resonatory).
After closure of this surrogate glottis (fistula), a new glottis would be required for respiratory and phonatory
Chapter One, "Anatomy Overview," has an introduction and includes the topics: the respiratory system, the phonatory
system, the resonatory system, the aging process and classification of tumors.
effort (PPE), as measured along a 100 mm line, did not change more than a few points across the four trials as indicated in Figure 2.
Teachers frequently have to adapt their phonatory
pattern to the size of the classroom, its acoustic set-up, the type of audience, the air quality and changes in humidity and temperature.
It requires a perfect coordination of the respiratory, phonatory
, and resonance systems for an optimized vocal production.
Mouth breathing due to hypertrophic palatine and pharyngeal tonsils cause alterations, in varied degrees and impacts, on lip, mouth tone and posture, and in the mobility of the soft palate, impairing swallowing, speech and phonatory
Speech problems that occur after UPPP are caused by changes in selected phonatory
, resonatory, and articulatory characteristics, and they are usually mild.
(1) Further research is necessary, particularly on the laryngeal and tracheal receptors and their functions and phonatory
The effects of radiotherapy negatively influence vocal function, including roughness auditory perception, decrease in intensity, increase in phonatory
tension and other persistent changes in vocal quality [11,12].
The recommendation for complete excision, however, has to be balanced with consideration of preserving vocal fold phonatory
and sphincteric function.
Maloney, and CC Rose Jackson, "Phonatory
and Related Changes with Advanced Age," Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research (1966): 353-360.