Regulation of phosphoenolpyruvate
carboxykinase (GTP) gene expression.
Delbaere, "The phosphoryl-transfer mechanism of Escherichia coli phosphoenolpyruvate
carboxykinase from the use of AlF3," Journal of Molecular Biology, vol.
PYCARD, PYD and CARD domain-containing; TLR2, toll-like receptor-2; AdipoR1, adiponectin receptor type 1; Ptpn1, protein tyrosine phosphatase-1; PPAR[gamma], peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-[gamma]; PEPCK-1, phosphoenolpyruvate
carboxykinase; UCP-1, uncoupling protein-1; TBX1, T-box 1; TMEM26, transmembrane protein-26.
Gestational high fat diet programs hepatic phosphoenolpyruvate
carboxykinase gene expression and histone modification in neonatal offspring rats.
(18) HWJMSCs population has been found to express the early hepatic markers, such as albumin, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), cytokeratin-19 (CK-19), some mid- and late- hepatic markers, including CK18 and glucose 6-phosphatase (G6P), (19,20) as well as a low level of hematopoietic markers, such as c-kit and phosphoenolpyruvate
Regarding energy gain, the shorter and more energetically economical way, probably selected by evolution, includes gluconeogenesis until phosphoenolpyruvate
(step D-3 in Figure 1), degraded by the glycolytic pathway.
Previous studies demonstrated that fruits contained a variety of sugar- and acid-metabolizing enzymes including soluble acid invertase, sucrose synthase (SS) in the synthetic or cleavage direction, sucrose phosphate synthase (SPS) (HASHIZUME et al., 2003; ZHANG et al., 2012; YANG et al., 2013), citrate synthase (CS), cis-aconitase (ACO), malate dehydrogenase, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) and phosphoenolpyruvate
carboxylase (PEPC) (KUBO et al., 2002; LUO, 2003).
EXAMINING SUGAR TRANSPORT VIA THE PHOSPHOENOLPYRUVATE
The reaction was started using 1.0 mM phosphoenolpyruvate
. All assays were performed in duplicate at 25[degrees]C.
Pyruvate kinase, phosphoenolpyruvate
carboxykinase, cytochrome c oxidase and catalase activities in cadmium exposed Perna viriais subject anoxic and aerobic conditions.
In the liver, only full-length adiponectin activated AMPK and reduced PEPCK (phosphoenolpyruvate
carboxykinase) or G6Pase (glucose-6-phosphatase G6Pase) involved in gluconeogenesis and increased fatty-acid oxidation and decreased tissue TG content just as in skeletal muscle .
Cretin, "Sorghum phosphoenolpyruvate
carboxylase gene family: structure, function and molecular evolution," Plant Molecular Biology, vol.