phospholipase


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phospholipase

[¦fäs·fō′lī‚pās]
(biochemistry)
An enzyme that catalyzes a hydrolysis of a phospholipid, especially a lecithinase that acts in this manner on a lecithin.
References in periodicals archive ?
Association between type II secretory phospholipase [A.sub.2] plasma concentration and activity and cardiovascular events in patients with coronary heart disease (2009).
Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 is an independent marker for coronary endothelial dysfunction in humans.
Variance in total levels of phospholipase C zeta (PLC-zeta) in human sperm may limit the applicability of quantitative immunofluorescent analysis as a diagnostic indicator of oocyte activation capability.
High-level production of phospholipase C was noted in vitro among most of P.
(13.) Leandro LF, Mendes CA, Casemiro LA, Vinholis AH, Cunha WR, de Almeida R, Martins CH.Antimicrobial activity of apitoxin, melittin and phospholipase A2 of honey bee (Apismellifera) venom against oral pathogens.
Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 activity predicts cardiovascular events in high risk coronary artery disease patients.
Unexpectedly, we found that trophozoites grown in the CLUPS medium showed higher phospholipase activity than that the ones grown in TYI-S-33 medium [11].
Rael, "Snake Venom Cytotoxins, Phospholipase A2s, and Zn2+-dependent Metalloproteinases: Mechanisms of Action and Pharmacological Relevance," Journal of Clinical Toxicology, vol.
These proteins are secreted phospholipase A2 ([sPLA.sub.2]), metallo- and serine-proteases (svMP and SP), and the nonenzymatic three-finger toxins (3-FTX) [35, 39-41].
Phospholipase [A.sub.2] ([PLA.sub.2]) hydrolyzes the sn-2 ester bond in phospholipids (PLs) [1].
Members of the phospholipase C (PLC) family are thus involved in intracellular and intercellular signal transduction.

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