Lawson and Archie Provan, Typography for Photocomposition
One of the reasons the International Typesetters Union was so openly antagonistic toward the New York newspapers during the 1960s was that new printing technologies, both automation and photocomposition
, were rapidly replacing labor-intensive linotype machines.
18) He had learned about Higonnet and Moyroud's photocomposition
machine from a former MIT colleague.
When the first widely used photocomposition
machines were developed in the 1950s and 1960s, manufacturers were naturally eager to supply film versions of the most popular fonts to typesetters.
took that facility away and rendered the terminology archaic, but it persists in much dtp software - where it is frequently misapplied to mean the distance between one baseline and the next.
Besides, he had to make room for a massive new photocomposition
system, which ended up bankrupting his company within twelve months.
In an oversimplified explanation of the process, photographers acquire a computer image (scanned from a film source or transferred from a digital camera file); complete their image manipulation and photocomposition
work in Photoshop; and then a printer outputs negatives to size on transparent media, which are used to contact print the finished image on silver-gelatin or platinum paper in a traditional black-and-white darkroom, where it is wet-processed using conventional developers and fixers.
The company also pioneered the introduction of photocomposition
into Canada, and, to a limited extent, offered educational programmes, its most prominent teacher being Carl Dair who designed Cartier type, the first Canadian typeface.
The Republican went to photocomposition
and offset printing in 1971, and its "saturation coverage edition," launched in 1973, was the industry's first total-market-coverage program.
Filmsetting or photocomposition
, based on familiar photographic processes, was done with proprietary commercial systems, some of which were developed and marketed by old-established names among the typefoundries and composing machine makers like Berthold and Linotype, and this seemed to ensure their survival as companies.
The Tribune tested one of the first methods for high-speed etching for letterpress photocomposition
, McGann said.
Letterpress printing gave way to offset lithography, and letterpress composition (hand-setting, Monotype, and Linotype) was superseded first by photocomposition
and then by computer composition.