Some of the projects rely on layer masks, blending, montages, and transforming different elements through basic photocomposition
. Expert Photoshop users will recognize all the tricks, but may also marvel at how the author applied his own legerdemain to the imaging problems.
One of the reasons the International Typesetters Union was so openly antagonistic toward the New York newspapers during the 1960s was that new printing technologies, both automation and photocomposition
, were rapidly replacing labor-intensive linotype machines.
Uncertain about the future of offset printing, Garth considered diversifying.(18) He had learned about Higonnet and Moyroud's photocomposition
machine from a former MIT colleague.
Occasionally, a volume of the transactions would appear that had been typeset with a photocomposition
system for mathematics that was being developed by the American Mathematics Society with the assistance of the National Science Foundation.
His designs can be divided into three periods: the early era, during the heyday of metal type, when his work at one of the largest type foundries in the world led to some of the most important fonts still in use today; the middle period, during the transition to different technologies such as photocomposition
and digital character generation; and the later period (up to today), with important type designs still emanating from Zapf's hand more than half a century after his first types.
In an oversimplified explanation of the process, photographers acquire a computer image (scanned from a film source or transferred from a digital camera file); complete their image manipulation and photocomposition
work in Photoshop; and then a printer outputs negatives to size on transparent media, which are used to contact print the finished image on silver-gelatin or platinum paper in a traditional black-and-white darkroom, where it is wet-processed using conventional developers and fixers.
The company also pioneered the introduction of photocomposition
into Canada, and, to a limited extent, offered educational programmes, its most prominent teacher being Carl Dair who designed Cartier type, the first Canadian typeface.
The Republican went to photocomposition
and offset printing in 1971, and its "saturation coverage edition," launched in 1973, was the industry's first total-market-coverage program.
Besides, he had to make room for a massive new photocomposition
system, which ended up bankrupting his company within twelve months.
The Tribune tested one of the first methods for high-speed etching for letterpress photocomposition
, McGann said.