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the science and technology based on and concerned with the controlled flow of photonsphoton
, the particle composing light and other forms of electromagnetic radiation, sometimes called light quantum. The photon has no charge and no mass. About the beginning of the 20th cent.
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, or light particles. It is the optical equivalent of electronicselectronics,
science and technology based on and concerned with the controlled flow of electrons or other carriers of electric charge, especially in semiconductor devices. It is one of the principal branches of electrical engineering.
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, and the two technologies coexist in such innovations as optoelectronic integrated circuits. Photonic applications include data storage (using optical disksoptical disk,
any of a variety of information storage disks that are played or read using a laser. Optical disks include compact discs (CDs and CD-ROMs), laser discs (see videodisc), and digital versatile discs (or digital video discs; DVDs and DVD-ROMs).
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 and holograms), data transmission (see fiber opticsfiber optics,
transmission of digitized messages or information by light pulses along hair-thin glass or plastic fibers. Each fiber is surrounded by a cladding having a high index of refractance so that the light is internally reflected and travels the length of the fiber
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), experimental optical computers, optical switches and light modulators (for signal processing and interconnection), and a photonic gyroscope used in commercial aircraft that has no moving parts.


The electronic technology involved with the practical generation, manipulation, analysis, transmission, and reception of electromagnetic energy in the visible, infrared, and ultraviolet portions of the light spectrum. It contributes to many fields, including astronomy, biomedicine, data communications and storage, fiber optics, imaging, optical computing, optoelectronics, sensing, and telecommunications. Also known as optoelectronics.


The science of generating and transmitting light (photons). Photonics deals with light starting in the infrared range, through visible light to ultraviolet light at the highest frequency. Most photonic systems use electricity and electronic circuits as their source of energy. See optoelectronics, silicon photonics and spectrum.

Not Really
Photonics was predicted to become mainstream by 2005, as this article from PC Magazine in 1995 forecast. Light-based computers have yet to materialize; however, today's PCs have long exceeded these storage and RAM projections.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hugo Thienpont, head of VUB s B-PHOT team: By adding B-CALM to its product portfolio, Luceda Photonics offers its customers the unique possibility to efficiently design coupling structures to sub-wavelength plasmonic opto-electronic components.
The Indian Photonics & Laser industry is still at a nascent stage.
Headquartered in Carlsbad, California, Luxtera was founded by a team of industry-renown researchers and technology managers drawn from the photonics and semiconductor industries.
Apogee Photonics is a pure play supplier of high speed, integrated optical components to the communications industry, providing the broadest line of 10 Gb/s laser sources from short-reach up to DWDM.
The key advantage of Apogee Photonics' 10Gb/s uncooled 1310nm EML is that the bandwidth can be significantly increased beyond 10Gb/s, unlike directly modulated DFB's that are challenged at data rates above 10Gb/s," said Milind Gokhale, CTO of Apogee Photonics.
Lebby will also be speaking at the Lasers & Photonics Marketplace Seminar.
Luxtera's silicon photonics technologies show great potential for break-away high performance computing applications, and we look forward to our continued involvement in this important program," says Mike Vildibill, Director of Advanced Programs at Sun.
Luxtera recently announced sampling of its single wavelength 10Gbps silicon photonics transceiver technology, implemented in standard SOI CMOS process with integrated Indium Phosphate laser light sources.
Enablence has significant expertise in designing photonics integrated circuits in glass, while Kotura has significant expertise in designing and manufacturing optical components using standard CMOS processes.
When asked why EM Photonics was providing this toolkit for free, Eric Kelmelis, Vice President, said "We decided to release our GPU-based FDTD accelerator free of charge to demonstrate the power of application acceleration with alternative computational platforms.
Apogee Photonics is widely recognized for its leading-edge 10 Gb/s and 40 Gb/s photonics technology.

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