Based on chemical amount used to achieve 50% mortality, the relative toxicities of the insecticides were ranked as follows: phoxim > methomyl > butylene fipronil> chlorpyrifos > spinosad > chlorfenapyr, profenofos > emamectin benzoate, malathion, benfuracarb > thiamethoxam, carbosulfan, triazophos > acetamiprid, nitenpyram, metolcarb, thiodicarb, diazinon, cyhalothrin, bifenthrin, acephate, imidacloprid, beta-cyfluthrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, isoprocarb > salifluofen (L[C.
Their toxicities were ranked as follows: butylene fipronil > phoxim > chlorfenapyr, chlorpyrifos, spinosad > thiamethoxam, benfuracarb, acetamiprid > carbosulfan, cyhalothrin > bifenthrin > emamectin benzoate (Table 4).
Androgen receptor activities of p,p'-DDE, fenvalerate and phoxim
detected by androgen receptor reporter gene assay.
2012, the ex-factory price of 90% phoxim
technical decreases to USD3,568/t from USD4,116/t in June 2012.
All the trees infested with the weevil were dug out and burned, and all the remained palms nearby the infested trees were treated with 3% phoxim
, granule insecticide, 250-300 g per tree by deeps-oil application surrounding the trees, or 50-fold dilution of 35% acephate EC or 80% DDVP as a drip from a syringe into the tree xylem.
Chinese insecticide industry was introduced briefly first, and 12 key insecticides including DDVP, acephate, trichlorfon, chlorpyrifos, dimethoate, imidacloprid, beta-cypermethrin, phoxim
, abamectin, malathion, acetamiprid and endosulfan were deeply analyzed from aspects of registration, production, technology, price and consumption.
66 Global Phoxim
Market, by Geography 2008 - 2015 ($Million)
Diethyl thiophosphoryl chloride (DETC) is an important intermediate in production of many organophosphorus pesticides, such as phoxim
, parathion, chlorpyrifos, triazophos , diazinon, etc.
1 Registration situation of phoxim in China, as of Aug.
2 Key Chinese manufacturers of phoxim technical, 2009-2010
The pesticide varieties with more than 10,000 tons demand amount all over China will include dichlorvos, acetochlor, copper sulfate, glyphosate, trichlorfon, disosultap etc, 5,000 to 10,000 tons varieties include phoxim
, carbendazim, monosultap, butachlor, atrazine, omethoate, triophanate-methyl, chlorpyrifos, 2,4-D butyl ester, dimethoate, acephate etc.
TABLE 73 GLOBAL PHOXIM
PESTICIDE MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 89