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see clanclan,
social group based on actual or alleged unilineal descent from a common ancestor. Such groups have been known in all parts of the world and include some that claim the parentage or special protection of an animal, plant, or other object (see totem).
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(ANTHROPOLOGY) the grouping of two or more CLANS who claim a common ancestor, which may be mythical or nonhuman (see TOTEMISM).



a form of social organization, intermediate between the genos and phyle, in Athens and other states of preclassical Greece. A phratry generally had its own governing bodies and religion. In modern times, the term “phratry” was employed by L. H. Morgan, who discovered a similar social organization among the North American Indians. The phratry was an exogamous group of related clans; that is, its members married into other phratries. A dual organization of two phratries constituted a tribe. The principal function of a dual-phratric organization was to regulate exchanges. In later stages of social development, the division into phratries was not necessarily dual: tribes of three phratries also existed. In its later forms, the phratry was sometimes endogamous.


Morgan, L. H. Drevnee obshchestvo, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1935. (Translated from English.)
Zolotarev, A. M. Rodovoi stroi i pervobytnaia mifologiia. Moscow, 1964.
Semenov, Iu. I. Proiskhozhdenie braka isem’i. Moscow, 1974.
References in periodicals archive ?
15) The bulk of the decree is concerned with a regular adjudication, concerning admission to the phratry (89, 96), in two stages: by the thiasos and by the whole phratry (`the whole body of phrateres', with [GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] placed between article and noun).
The most straightforward interpretation of these texts is that all three decrees are decrees of the phratry (as I and III are explicitly said to be), and that the priest and phratriarch are both officers of the phratry;(16) and, since the priest is the priest of the oikos of the Deceleans, and notices are to be published at the place frequented by the Deceleans, that the oikos of the Deceleans is the phratry.
18) But, if the view just given is correct, admission to the phratry of the Deceleans is governed by the law not of the Deceleans but of the Demotionidae,(19) the `first' copy of the register is kept by the Demotionidae, and in the regular adjudication the Demotionidae are the body to which an appeal against rejection is made: Lambert regards this as the principal obstacle to Wade-Gery's interpretation.
In Thompson's variant on Wade-Gery's view, the extraordinary adjudication ordered by Decree I is only for those who claim membership of the phratry but are not members of the genos of the Demotionidae and are not subject to the law of the Demotionidae; members of the Demotionidae are either exempt from the extraordinary adjudication or subject to a separate adjudication according to the law of the Demotionidae (55-6).
On Wilamowitz' view, that the Demotionidae are the phratry, various problems arise.
22) As we have seen above, he takes most of Decree I to refer to the extraordinary adjudication, which he thinks is intended for those who have somehow managed to by-pass the regular adjudication; he thinks that the Demotionidae are the phratry and `the phrateres' of line 15 are not all the phrateres but only those belonging to the candidate's thiasos;(23) and that, because of the overlap between deme membership and phratry membership, the deme was allowed to elect synegoroi to defend its interests when a candidate rejected by his thiasos appealed to the phratry.
Rather, the Deceleans are a sub-group within the phratry (like a genos as understood by Lambert, yet not a genos since they are called not genos but oikos), which enjoys a measure of independence.
On Wade-Gery's view, that the Deceleans are the phratry, the vote of the thiasos is an extra stage detached from the vote of the phratry as a whole.
Hedrick, regarding Decree I as concerned with the extraordinary adjudication and II as concerned with the regular, thinks that in spite of the differences of language the two decrees envisage the same procedure for their different adjudications, and that what is made explicit in II can be read back into I: since the two bodies voting in II are the thiasos and the phratry, the two bodies voting in I must also be the thiasos and the phratry, and therefore, as we have seen above, he believes that in I the Demotionidae are the phratry and `the phrateres' of line 15 are those of the candidate's thiasos.
Phratry 4: Amurdak warr-ugarr, Gaagudju [PHI]-yarrabarnaadjinggi, 0-yarrabarnaadju (Masc), njing-garrabarnaadjinggi, njing-garrabarnaadju (Fem), Garik yarri-wurrgan, Kunwinjku yarri-wurrgan
Phratry 5: Amurdak warri-marrangadj, Gaagudju djimburruwoodju (Masc & Fem), Kunwinjku djoned
A number of the phratry names are evidently related to one another, either in part or in whole, both within and between languages.