phthalate


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phthalate

[′tha‚lāt]
(organic chemistry)
A salt of phthalic acid; contains the radical C6H4(COO)22-; an example is dibutylphthalate, C16H22O4; used as a plasticizer in plastics, and as a buffer in standard laboratory solutions.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In both cohorts, crude analyses revealed a significant correlation between prenatal urinary metabolite levels of dibutyl phthalate and butyl benzyl phthalate and language delay in children at a median age of 30 months to 37 months.
Despite the observed overlap in affected neurobehavioral domains, there is less consensus on the specific phthalate responsible for neurodisruptive effects, and no prior study has accounted for the correlation among phthalates by mutual adjustment.
The researchers then analyzed the links between what people ate and the levels of phthalate break-down products found in each participant's urine sample.
The results showed a strong association between phthalate exposure and dining out for all groups regardless of age or gender, but the strongest correlation was seen in young people, according to the researchers.
Perera, "Phthalate diester levels in personal air samples during pregnancy in two urban populations," Proceedings of Indoor Air, vol.
Moms and Dads were rightly concerned a decade ago over the gender-bending rumors that surrounded some low molecular weight (LMW) phthalate plasticizers being used in toys, clothing and other plastisol applications.
In fact, those with the highest levels of mono-benzyle phthalate and monoisobutyl-phthalate were almost two times more likely to have the disease than those with the lowest levels.
In Europe and North America, the phthalate debate has centered on allegations that some of them are human endocrine disruptors or probable human carcinogens.
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of prenatal phthalate exposure on pregnancy duration and various birth outcomes.
Conclusion: Phthalate induced testicular toxicity and effect on testosterone level were prevented by co-administration of vitamin E and DOP.
Semivolatile phthalates, used as solvents and building blocks for plastics, are one worrisome group of chemicals.