phthalate


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phthalate

[′tha‚lāt]
(organic chemistry)
A salt of phthalic acid; contains the radical C6H4(COO)22-; an example is dibutylphthalate, C16H22O4; used as a plasticizer in plastics, and as a buffer in standard laboratory solutions.
References in periodicals archive ?
Most of the samples (98 per cent) were detected with at least one phthalate.
Moms and Dads were rightly concerned a decade ago over the gender-bending rumors that surrounded some low molecular weight (LMW) phthalate plasticizers being used in toys, clothing and other plastisol applications.
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between child adiposity at 8 y of age and repeated urinary biomarkers of phthalate exposure collected during gestation, infancy, and childhood to determine if there are distinct periods of vulnerability when the fetus or child is more vulnerable to the potential obesogenic effects of phthalate exposure.
In fact, those with the highest levels of mono-benzyle phthalate and monoisobutyl-phthalate were almost two times more likely to have the disease than those with the lowest levels.
In Europe and North America, the phthalate debate has centered on allegations that some of them are human endocrine disruptors or probable human carcinogens.
1Dioctyl phthalate (DOP), also known as di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), is the most commonly utilized PAE.
While there may be several causes for it, exposure to a common chemical called phthalates found in household items could be one of the many reasons.
Diethyl phthalate, or DEP, is a common ingredient in cosmetics, perfumes and personal-care products such as shampoos.
The Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (CPSIA) expressly bans two phthalates of (di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), or butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP)).
They assessed the women's exposure to four phthalates--DnBP, DiBP, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate, and diethyl phthalate--in the third trimester of pregnancy by measuring levels of the chemicals' metabolites in urine.
The EU limits the phthalate content only in toys that are expected to be taken into the mouth," she said.
In 2006, CATT sent several bestselling sex toys to a lab to be chemically analyzed and found phthalate concentrations ranging from 45 to 61 per cent.