Gobas, "Ultra-trace determination of phthalate ester
metabolites in seawater, sediments, and biota from an urbanized marine inlet by LC/ESI-MS/MS," Environmental Science and Technology, vol.
The occurrence of phthalate ester
and di-2-ethylhexyl adipate plasticizers in Canadian packaging and food sampled in 1985-1989: a survey.
A new type of plasticizer reportedly looks promising for replacing phthalate ester
plasticizers in sensitive vinyl applications such as food packaging, toys, and medical components like intravenous tubes.
Samples were stored frozen at -20 [degrees]C [for BPA < 2 weeks; for phthalate ester
metabolite (PEM) < 8 weeks] before being thawed for analysis.
In the commentary "Polyethylene Terephthalate May Yield Endocrine Disruptors," Sax (2010) theorized that bottles made of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) might leach phthalate ester
plasticizers and/or antimony to produce endocrine-disrupting effects.
Mo, Variations in Phthalate ester
(PAE) Accumulation and Their Formation Mechanism in Chinese Flowering Cabbage (Brassica parachinensis L.) Cultivars Grown on PAE-contaminated Soils, Environ.
The phthalate ester
, used to make plastics flexible, disrupts hormones and sexual development.
Yin, "Kinetics of phthalate ester
biodegradation by Chlorella pyrenoidosa," Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol.
plasticizers that long have dominated the flexible PVC market have some serious non-phthalate competition, including some newer alternatives.
The bioactive components of the phthalate ester
reproductive toxi-cants are the monoesters metabolites.7 In humans, ph-thalates have been detected in blood, urine, saliva, bre-ast milk, amniotic fluid and cord blood.8-10 Its metabo-lites are present in more than 95% of human urinary samples.11
effects on rat Sertoli cell function in vitro: effects of phthalate side chain and age og animal.
The method Fujitsu has developed works by heating a sample to vaporize the phthalate ester
from it, which is collected on an additive-free PVC film over a metallic plate.