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Related to Phyle: Phile
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in ancient Greece, originally a clan tribal association; subsequently a territorial division.

The ancient kinship phylae were the center of Greek political, military, and religious life during the clan period. Each phyle was divided into phratryes. Power in the phyle was shared by the following: an elected phylarch, who had religious, judicial, and military authority; a popular assembly; and a council of elders.

As slaveholding states evolved, territory replaced kinship as the basis of the phyle. In Attica, Cleisthenes introduced a reform in 510 and 509 B.C. that substituted ten territorial phylae for four kinship phylae. Each of the ten territorial phylae consisted of three parts, with one part, or trittys, from each of the three regions of Attica: the mountain, the coastal, and the interior. Attic democracy was based on the territorial phylae.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The enthusiasm about the Primer reaches the other rivaling 'phyles', and soon the vying for such a gadget (implying a competition for education and information) constitutes one of the central plots of the book.
Chapter 6 deals with the West Block, which served as the dwelling place of the priests who served in the temple, with the northernmost set of rooms, at the front of the complex, possibly used by the current controller of the phyle [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII].
The titles held by these men include royal seal-bearer (htmty bity) and treasurer (imy-rhtmt), various types of scribes and accountants, the expected priests and controllers of phyles, military personnel (to the bibliographical items given on p.
The play begins with Pan's description of the barren landscape of Phyle, where men are forced to work rocks rather than soil, and of Knemon's fragmented household (1-4, 13-27).
Wiles 1984: 170-80 emphasizes the political significance of the Dyskolos's setting in the "democratic" deme of Phyle. Giglioni 1982: 90-95 and 1984 argues that the pleas for social solidarity and the alleviation of poverty in Menandrian Comedy, and in the Dyskolos especially, are a response to the poverty and disfranchisements of the period.
Indeed, there is concrete evidence to indicate that written performance reports were submitted by s ubordinates to superiors on completion of tasks, as in the case of phyles working on state or temple projects [Ezzamel, 2002e].
(1991), Egyptian Phyles in the Old Kingdom (Chicago: The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago).
A new technique known as phytoremediation has been adopted by an EU-funded demonstration project dubbed 'Phyles' (phytoextraction of lead from soil), whereby plants with outstanding absorption capacity are used to remove heavy metals and other contaminants from polluted soil.
While Stephenson offers a sweeping adventure focused on a few characters in culturally distinct future "phyles," Wolfe understands that the existence of biotech is not the same as universal access to biotech.