With the help of instruments such as measuring tapes and eye colour charts, physical anthropologists
conducted fieldwork and measured thousands of people throughout the world, seeking to amass anthropometric data that could be used to compare, categorise, and evaluate races more 'objectively' than before.
"Native Americans objected, and we had to file a motion to see the data." In the words of one physical anthropologist
, "It's clear to me that Native Americans are eager to block study of the skeleton.
In a "blood quantum scandal," physical anthropologists
claimed that individuals from full-blood Indigenous people in Minnesota were mixed-bloods, a demarcation that under the act allowed for them to "sell their land." The subsequently coerced sales cost the White Earth Anishinaabeg most of the reservation lands.
Among those less sanguine about the project as currently proposed, Alan Goodman (a physical anthropologist
from Hampshire College) suggested that a more fruitful strategy would be to work directly with indigenous populations to assure that project design addresses questions of local significance.
"We live like monks during the time we are here but a find during an excavation expedition makes it all worthwhile", explained Rutger Perizonius of Amsterdam's University Hospital, who joined the team as a physical anthropologist
, or bone specialist.
Anthony's face without knowing whose skull they were working on, says curator Nicola Carrara, a physical anthropologist
at the University of Padua.
Scott, a physical anthropologist
and author of the recent book Evolution vs.
As a physical anthropologist
, the focus of Jacobi's analysis is the assessment of genetic structuring within the skeletal sample of the cemetery through the study of variation in tooth size and morphology.
The expert team includes an archaeozoologist, a physical anthropologist
and specialists in x-ray and endoscope technology.
MacMillan, a retired physical anthropologist
from Central Washington University.
But bad genes are no guarantee that someone will get heart disease, says David Hunt, a physical anthropologist
at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., who was not involved in the work.
"The Dover creationist policy is something we don't want to see spread to other communities, for many reasons," said Eugenie Scott, a physical anthropologist
who serves as executive director of the National Center for Science Education in Oakland, Calif.