pike

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Related to pickerel: pickerel frog, chain pickerel

pike

, in zoology
pike, common name for the family Esocidae, freshwater game and food fishes of Europe, Asia, and North America. The pike, the muskellunge, and the pickerel form a small but well-known group of long, thin fishes with spineless dorsal fins, large anal fins, and long, narrow jaws with formidable teeth. There are several species in the single genus Esox, found in the lakes and streams of central and E North America. The muskellunge, named by the Native Americans, is the largest of these, averaging from 2 to 7 ft (61–213.5 cm) in length and from 10 to 20 lb (4.5 to 9 kg) in weight, though some may reach 60 lb (27 kg). Carnivorous and solitary except at spawning time, muskellunges feed on fish, frogs, snakes, and even the young of aquatic mammals and waterfowl. The northern or great northern pike, E. lucius, called jackfish in Canada and pike in Europe, is also voracious, lurking in weedy shallows to ambush its prey. This pike is said to consume one fifth of its own weight (10–35 lb or 4.5–16 kg) daily. Although a prized game fish in its native habitat, it has been reviled as a pest with the potential to devastate other game species in areas where it has been introduced. The pickerels are smaller members of the family. The grass and redfin pickerels, subspecies of the American pickerel, rarely exceed 1 ft (30 cm) in length and 1 lb (.45 kg) in weight; the large chain, or eastern, pickerel is found in clear lakes and streams together with bass. Pikes are stubborn fighters and are valued as game fishes; their flesh, though bony, is delicious. The walleyed pike is a perch. Pikes are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Esociformes, family Esocidae.
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pike

[pīk]
(geology)
A mountain or hill which has a peaked summit.
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of about five species of predatory fish which compose the family Esocidae in the order Clupeiformes; the body is cylindrical and compressed, with cycloid scales that have deeply scalloped edges.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Pike

“he expectorates vehemently” [Am. Lit.: At Home and Abroad, Hart, 655]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

pike

1
1. any of several large predatory freshwater teleost fishes of the genus Esox, esp E. lucius (northern pike), having a broad flat snout, strong teeth, and an elongated body covered with small scales: family Esocidae
2. any of various similar fishes

pike

2
Northern English dialect a pointed or conical hill

pike

3, piked
(of the body position of a diver) bent at the hips but with the legs straight
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The company's connections with OTI and others, Pickerel said, are also helping it overcome a shortage of skilled labor as well as increase workforce diversity.
Barnard turns locally caught fish into value-added products like popcorn pickerel cheeks, freshwater whitefish cakes, and wild caught Northern pike cakes.
Miles, 10, caught a pickerel on a tip-up, and Cyrus, 5, (pictured here) caught his pickerel jigging.
Maple and titi trees had fully leafed out, while pockets without current created ideal conditions for marsh grasses and pickerel weeds.
The Bear Creek Township, Mich., planning commission voted 6 to 0 to deny a special use permit for extracting sand and gravel off a property on Pickerel Lake Road, according to the News-Review.
The biggest value catch is pickerel (walleye) with sauger, northern pike and whitefish all taken but lower in commercial value.
IFA's @OurFranchise campaign speaks with Stefan Pickerel, who started out as a franchisee for the Spice & Tea Exchange before transitioning to a role as corporate chef for the brand.
Pickerel Frog (Lithobates palustris)--Pickerel Frogs were observed regularly within the cave in all seasons, and on the surface during spring and summer.
They come year-round, to ice-fish in winter and using spin, fly, and trolling gear through the remainder of the year, for delectable panfish, walleye, bass, pike, pickerel, crappie, catfish and more.
Jake Souza: Brook trout (Hamblin Pond, Barnstable), brown trout (Peter's Pond, Sandwich), bullhead (Mashpee-Wakeby Lake, Mashpee), chain pickerel (Onota Lake, Pittsfield), crappie (Indian Lake, Worcester), largemouth bass (Watson Pond, Taunton), smallmouth bass (Hamblin Pond, Barnstable), sunfish (Snake Pond, Sandwich), tiger trout (Peter's Pond, Sandwich), white perch (Snake Pond, Sandwich), yellow perch (Peter's Pond, Sandwich).
Labor Attache Leonida Romulo of the Philippine Overseas Labor Office in Toronto said Gumpal was with her lawyer-employer and his wife on board a small plane on March 17 when it crashed in a remote heavily wooded area near the mouth of the Pickerel and French Rivers in Sudbury, Ontario.