pike

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Related to pickerels: Esox americanus, Esox niger, Grass Pickerel

pike

, in zoology
pike, common name for the family Esocidae, freshwater game and food fishes of Europe, Asia, and North America. The pike, the muskellunge, and the pickerel form a small but well-known group of long, thin fishes with spineless dorsal fins, large anal fins, and long, narrow jaws with formidable teeth. There are several species in the single genus Esox, found in the lakes and streams of central and E North America. The muskellunge, named by the Native Americans, is the largest of these, averaging from 2 to 7 ft (61–213.5 cm) in length and from 10 to 20 lb (4.5 to 9 kg) in weight, though some may reach 60 lb (27 kg). Carnivorous and solitary except at spawning time, muskellunges feed on fish, frogs, snakes, and even the young of aquatic mammals and waterfowl. The northern or great northern pike, E. lucius, called jackfish in Canada and pike in Europe, is also voracious, lurking in weedy shallows to ambush its prey. This pike is said to consume one fifth of its own weight (10–35 lb or 4.5–16 kg) daily. Although a prized game fish in its native habitat, it has been reviled as a pest with the potential to devastate other game species in areas where it has been introduced. The pickerels are smaller members of the family. The grass and redfin pickerels, subspecies of the American pickerel, rarely exceed 1 ft (30 cm) in length and 1 lb (.45 kg) in weight; the large chain, or eastern, pickerel is found in clear lakes and streams together with bass. Pikes are stubborn fighters and are valued as game fishes; their flesh, though bony, is delicious. The walleyed pike is a perch. Pikes are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Esociformes, family Esocidae.
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pike

[pīk]
(geology)
A mountain or hill which has a peaked summit.
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of about five species of predatory fish which compose the family Esocidae in the order Clupeiformes; the body is cylindrical and compressed, with cycloid scales that have deeply scalloped edges.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Pike

“he expectorates vehemently” [Am. Lit.: At Home and Abroad, Hart, 655]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

pike

1
1. any of several large predatory freshwater teleost fishes of the genus Esox, esp E. lucius (northern pike), having a broad flat snout, strong teeth, and an elongated body covered with small scales: family Esocidae
2. any of various similar fishes

pike

2
Northern English dialect a pointed or conical hill

pike

3, piked
(of the body position of a diver) bent at the hips but with the legs straight
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
From what little has been published about this geographically displaced cousin of the famous northern pike, we knew chain pickerel are found statewide in Florida.
As might be expected, pickerel are ambush feeders, and while they are thought to be more active in warm waters, 75 to 80 degrees, they are eager and well-equipped to savage baits throughout Florida's (usually) mild winters.
Soon a writhing, somersaulting pickerel was doing its darndest to intimidate us.
Chris Christian put me in mind of the fact that in many circles the pickerel is still commonly referred to as a jack.
Research on grass pickerel habitat has been primarily limited to three biogeographical ecosystems: lakes in Wisconsin (Klienert and Mraz, 1966), streams and artificial lakes in Oklahoma (Ming, 1968) and ponds in Canada (Crossman, 1962; Foster, 1980).
Information on specific grass pickerel habitat in the Midwestern U.S.
Our objective was to determine whether grass pickerel catches were related to available habitat in streams and rivers throughout Indiana.
One hundred and twenty five stream sites in Indiana with drainage areas ranging from 0.75-750 [km.sup.2] were sampled for grass pickerel from 1990-2005 (Fig.
Microhabitat evaluation was performed at each site where a grass pickerel was found for the May to Aug.
Grass pickerel were assumed to be associated with some type of habitat.
A total of 111 species was observed from 107 sites where grass pickerel were observed.
However, there was no linear relationship between grass pickerel catch and QHEI ([r.sup.2] = 0.008, df = 123, P = 0.334), or the six QHEI metrics and grass pickerel catch ([r.sup.2] < 0.023, df = 123, P > 0.09 for all six comparisons).