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in the visual arts, the dynamic interaction of shapes, volumes, areas of color, lines, and chiaroscuro. This interaction expresses a strong feeling of overall mobility, changeability, and diversity of appearance. Picturesqueness is expressed by the predominance of expressive color (in painting) and shading (in graphic art) over sharp delineation. In sculpture it is manifest in the gentle transitions, the interfusion, and the projection of volumetric forms in space. Picturesqueness in architecture is conveyed through asymmetry, separation of principal compositional elements, dynamics of form, and, sometimes, color and decor. In the broad sense of the work, picturesqueness comprises free, lively expressiveness, vivid figurativeness, and colorfulness.
REFERENCEWólfflin, H. Osnovnye poniatiia istorii iskusstv. Moscow-Leningrad, 1930. (Translated from German.)
through the opening for the smoke were known in northern China as well.