Pigeon Pea

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pigeon Pea


(Cajanus indicus), a perennial plant of the legume family, subfamily Papilionaceae. It grows as a bush 0.5–3.5 m high with a coarse uneven ribbed stem. The ternate leaves are elongated and lanceolate with thick fuzz toward the base. The blossoms are large and grow five to nine on each peduncle. The beans are short and flat. The seeds measure 0.5–0.8 mm in diameter.

Pigeon peas have been cultivated for more than 2,500 years. Crops are grown in Southeast and Southwest Asia, in tropical Africa, in Central and South America, and in northern Australia. The young beans are used as food; in nutritional value and taste they resemble green peas. The mature seeds are used to feed stock and fowl. In some countries they are fed to scale insects, producing raw material for making shellac (resin). They are also planted in large numbers as green fertilizer and on slopes to fight erosion. There are test plantings of pigeon peas in the USSR in the southern regions of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and also in Middle Asia.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Sesame accounted for 40.3% and the pigeon pea for 39.2% of biomass input contribution in Farm 1, whereas in the Farm 2 the main crops responsible were pigeon pea, maize and sesame with 31.3%, 27.1% and 22.7% of total input respectively.
Antioxidant activities of extracts and main components of Pigeon pea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] leaves.
Commonly grown legumes: cowpea, bambara nut, groundnut as well as introduced legumes, pigeon pea and tepary bean were tested.
Grain yield has been used as the main variable in path analysis with pigeon pea (Vange & Moses, 2009; Devi et al., 2012; Birhan et al., 2013; Singh et al., 2013; Chaithanya et al., 2014), crambe (Cargnelutti Filho et al., 2010) and sunflower (Amorim et al., 2008; Martin et al., 2012) traits.
However, statistically the other substrates, viz., rice husk alone, pigeon pea husk + sorghum grain, and sorghum grain + cow dung were at par with the above two substrates.
The first year involved planting cowpea, pigeon pea, and maize as sole crops, legume/legume, and legume/cereal in-row intercrops.
Rainfall range of between 54 and 372.3 mm, maximum and minimum air temperature of 34.2 and 23.7 oC respectively and 3-10 rainy days from June to October during the crop growth periods (Table 1) was adequate to support pigeon pea production in Sudano-sahelian ecology of Nigeria.
However, the content was slightly higher than the biscuit containing pigeon pea biscuits (19.19% to 19.75%) [22].
The Gates Foundation is reportedly funding additional research by Purdue to determine if PICS (now dubbed Purdue Improved Crop Storage) can help control "storage insect pests of other crops including maize, sorghum, wheat, rice, peanut, common bean, hibiscus seed, mung bean, pigeon pea, and bambara groundnut."