If there is suspicion of infection or a significant mass effect, collections can be aspirated or a percutaneous pigtail catheter
can be inserted.
In this case, the balloon was removed to allow introduction of the pigtail catheter
into the infrarenal IVC.
Options that may be utilized include observation with or without supplemental oxygen, pigtail catheter
drainage, or tube thoracostomy.
New products introduced since 2003 include the Vari-Lase(R) endovenous laser procedural kit for the treatment of varicose veins, the D-Stat Dry(TM) hemostatic bandage for the rapid control of topical bleeding, the D-Stat Radial(TM) hemostat band for the control of bleeding following catheterizations utilizing the radial artery in the wrist, the Pronto(TM) extraction catheter for the mechanical extraction of soft thrombus and the Langston dual lumen pigtail catheter
for the intravascular measurement of pressure gradients.
DSA injection through a right internal-jugular pigtail catheter
in the IVC demonstrated emptying of contrast into the right atrium and no right-to-left shunting.