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Piła(pē`lä), Ger. Schneidemühl, town (1994 est. pop. 74,000), Wielkopolskie prov., NW Poland, on the Gwdą River. Once the capital of Grenzmark Posen–West Prussia, it is now chiefly a trade and industrial center. It was devastated in World War II, after which it reverted to Poland. There are lignite mines nearby. The city was chartered in 1380.
a city in Poland, situated on the Notec̄, a navigable river, and administrative center of Pila Województwo. Population, 45,300 (1973). Pila, a railroad junction, has railroad yards. Industries include the manufacture of electric bulbs and agricultural implements. The local food-processing industry produces alcohol and starch, and the city also has wood-products and textile industries, including a flax-processing plant.