theft

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theft

Criminal law the dishonest taking of property belonging to another person with the intention of depriving the owner permanently of its possession
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Theft

 

(Russian, krazha), in criminal law, the secret stealing of property. The secrecy with which the property is taken, implying that the criminal is confident that his actions are not observed by the victim or other people, distinguishes theft from grabezh (open stealing) and robbery.

In the USSR the criminal codes of the Union republics establish separate liability for theft with the intent to gain possession of state or social property and theft with the intent to gain possession of personal property (for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, arts. 89 and 144). Stricter punishment is prescribed for the theft of state or social property than for the theft of personal property. Liability for the theft of state or social property on an especially large scale or for the petty theft of such property is established by special norms (for example, arts. 931 and 96 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR).

Under the law the circumstances aggravating liability for theft are repeated theft, theft by a group of people in accordance with a prior agreement, theft using technical means (the latter only in the criminal codes of the RSFSR, Georgian SSR, and Tadzhik SSR), and theft causing significant loss to the victim (in theft of personal property). Especially aggravating circumstances are the commission of theft by a particularly dangerous recidivist or on a large scale (in theft of state or social property).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
'The existing 15 percent for pilferage and losses is there for the protection of the employees.
The groundhandler accused of being responsible for airport pilferages in Clark is fighting to keep its operations in Cebu.
Now, the committee wants Centre to control its production, supply and distribution to stop illegal mining and pilferage. A study carried out by the Jharkhand government with the help of Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, estimated loss to coal companies to the tune of Rs 106 crore annually and to the exchequer of about Rs 34 crore a year.
The CBI's Jaipur office had in fact arrested seven persons, including two IOC supervisors, in August for fuel pilferage from the IOC depot and confiscated 180 kilolitres of fuel in a month.
"Most of the passengers coming for Christmas to the Philippines will be bringing in presents and we will make extra efforts to ensure that these items, especially check in baggage, are secure from pilferage," he was quoted by the Philippine daily Pilipino Star Ngayon.
As important was the absence of pilferage of contents in the strapped plastic totes.
Tax pilferage not only deprives the government of much needed revenue but also plays havoc with the moral fibre of a society.
There isn't an easy way to prevent pilferage. You just do the best you can by keeping them in an area where they can be watched constantly.
Nevertheless, pilferage and diversion must be watched for continually.
ISLAMABAD -- Prime Minister Imran Khan has directed the authorities concerned for a more robust campaign against gas pilferage.
ISLAMABAD -- Prime Minister Imran Khan here on Thursday ordered indiscriminate action against those involved in power and gas pilferage.