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allspice,common names for a tree (Pimenta dioica or P. officinalis) of the family Myrtaceae (myrtlemyrtle,
common name for the Myrtaceae, a family of shrubs and trees almost entirely of tropical regions, especially in America and Australia. The family is characterized by leaves (usually evergreen) containing aromatic volatile oils. Many have showy blossoms.
..... Click the link for more information. family) cultivated in the West Indies for its dried unripe berries, used medicinally and as a spice (also called pimento or allspice). The spice supposedly combines the flavors of several other spices, hence the name; it is used chiefly in pickles and relishes. The leaves and berries yield an essential oil used for flavoring, e.g., in Benedictine and other liqueurs. In America the names pimento and allspice are also applied to plants of other families: pimento to the large, sweet Spanish pepper (Span. pimento) of the nightshade family, and allspice to several aromatic shrubs, e.g., the Carolina allspice (Calycanthus floridus), a cultivated ornamental, and the wild allspice, or spicebush (Lindera benzoin), of the family Lauraceae (laurel family). Pimento is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information. , class Magnoliopsida, order Myrtales, family Myrtaceae.
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Capsicum annuum. A type of pepper in the order Polemoniales grown for its thick, sweet-fleshed red fruit.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.