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arboretum:see botanical gardenbotanical garden,
public place in which plants are grown both for display and for scientific study. An arboretum is a botanical garden devoted chiefly to the growing of woody plants.
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a section of land on which a collection of woody plants (trees, shrubs, vines) is grown in open soil. An arboretum may be independent or may be part of a botanical garden. It is usually planted in the style of a landscaped park. The plants are arranged according to taxonomic, geographical, ecological, or ornamental systems. Arboretums have scientific, educational, cultural, or experimental purposes. They demonstrate the richness and variety of arboreal plants from different countries and conduct scientific work on plant introduction, acclimatization, and breeding. Arboretums disseminate planting material, seeds, and cuttings of valuable and rare arboreal plants.
In the USSR the richest collections of tree species are found in the arboretum of the Central Botanical Garden of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (Moscow); the Nikita (near Yalta), Sukhumi, and Batumi botanical gardens (Georgia); the Arboretum Park in Sochi; and the S. M. Kirov Forestry Academy (Leningrad). Abroad the most interesting and abundant collections include the arboretum of the botanical garden at Kew (near London), the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University in Boston (USA), the Mlyṅany Arboretum (Czechoslovak SSR), and the Kurnik Arboretum (Polish People’s Republic).
REFERENCESBotanicheskie sady SSSR. Moscow, 1949.
Botanicheskie sady mira. Moscow, 1959.
Howard, R. A., B. L. Wagenknecht, and P. S. Green. International Directory of Botanical Gardens. Utrecht, 1963.
“150 let Gosudarstvennomu Nikitskomu botanicheskomu sadu.” Sb. nauchnykh tr. Gosudarstvennogo Botanicheskogo sada, 1964, vol. 37.
N. V. TSITSIN