pink bollworm


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

pink bollworm,

destructive larva of a moth, Pectinophora gossypiella. Probably of Native American origin, it is a serious pest of cotton in the S United States, chiefly along the Mexican border. The larva feeds on the blossoms, lint, and seeds of cotton and may pupate in the buds. It causes a 20% to 50% crop loss in infested areas. The pink bollworm is classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Insecta, order Lepidoptera, family Gelechiidae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pink Bollworm

 

(Pectinophora gossypiella), a moth of the family Gelechiidae; an injurious pest of cotton, kenaf, okra, and other plants of the family Malvaceae. The pink bollworm is distributed in many cotton-growing countries, including India, Iran, Afghanistan, Turkey, Japan, China, Korea, Greece, and Italy. The insect does not occur in the USSR, where it is an object of external quarantine.

The pink bollworm produces two to six generations per year. The moths deposit as many as 500 eggs on the flower buds, bolls, leaf buds, leaves, and stems of cotton and other plants. The caterpillars damage the generative organs of cotton, causing the flower buds, flowers, and green bolls to fall off the plant. Their discharges contaminate the fiber of mature bolls, making the fiber unsuitable for textile manufacture. The pink bollworm can cause a 20-to 80-percent reduction in the annual cotton yield.

Importing infected seeds and produce from the family Malvaceae is prohibited in the USSR. Control measures include the destruction of caterpillars found in seeds, cotton, and plant debris by fumigation. Other effective control measures are the use of insecticides on plantings, the destruction of post-harvest residue, the use of light traps to catch the moths, and the use of insect blood sterilants.

REFERENCE

Spravochnik po karantinnym i drugim opasnym vrediteliam, bolezniam i sornym rasteniiam. Moscow, 1970.

A. K. MARKIN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pearsonian coefficients of correlations were calculated among predators (lady beetle, spider) and prey American bollworm (ABW), spotted bollworm (SBW), pink bollworm (PBW) populations (Table I).
He said, 'We collected cotton samples from different fields; all samples showed a high rate of pink bollworm infestation.'
The farmer, Madhav Shankar Rawate, had seen his cotton crop on his four-acre farm being destroyed by the pink bollworm attack.
The meeting decided preparing a plan for pink bollworm management to fight challenges of the cotton loss in the country.
This work aims to evaluate toxicity of some insect growth regulators to the pink bollworm larvae, their efficacy to biological aspects and some enzymes activities
Pink bollworm eggs from moths fed standard diet (Stewart 1984) were obtained from the PBW rearing facility in Phoenix, Arizona.
In India, though, local pink bollworms became resistance within six years, simply because farmers did not follow the guidelines or get this support.
Resistance of the pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders) to spinosad was examined under laboratory conditions during 20 successive generations.
For example, the USDA Pink Bollworm Project Photograph Collection documents USDA work on bollworm detection, prevention, and quarantine measures.
Aboveground crop material is typically shredded, and roots are undercut and mixed with the soil in a series of diskings designed to provide a host-free period (without cotton plants) in accordance with the California Department of Food and Agriculture's pink bollworm control and eradication program (CDFA 2012), a successful biological control program for insects in operation since the 1960s.