pine nut

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Related to pinon nut: Pignoli nuts

pine nut

or

piñon

(pĭn`yən, pē`nyōn), edible seed of various species of pinepine,
common name for members of the Pinaceae, a family of resinous woody trees with needlelike, usually evergreen leaves. The Pinaceae reproduce by means of cones (see cone) rather than flowers and many have winged seeds, suitable for wind distribution.
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 trees. Among the North American species that bear such edible seeds are the nut pines or piñons, Pinus edulis and P. monophylla, and the Digger pine, P. sabiniana, named after the Diggers of California. The nuts have a thin red-brown shell and range in size from about 3-4 in. (1.91 cm) to about 1 1-2 in. (3.75 cm). Pine nuts, or Indian nuts, were an important food for some early Native Americans and are still harvested in quantity both for food and for trading. They are picked from the ground, taken from squirrel caches, or extracted by hand from the cones. Some pine stands are in danger of depletion because insufficient seeds are left for reproduction. Pignolia nuts are the seeds of P. pinea of S Europe, where they are cultivated and much used for food. Quantities are exported to be used salted and in confectionery. Seeds of numerous other European and Asian pines are gathered under many local names. The name pignolia is often applied to all pine nuts and vice versa.
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pine nut

[′pīn ‚nət]
(botany)
The edible seed borne in the cone of various species of pine (Pinus), such as stone pine (P. pinea) and piñon pine (P. cembroides var. edulis).
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
mail-order treasures of the Northwest and the Southwest From glistening pink-fleshed salmon, earthy mushrooms, and blueberry preserves to assertive salsa, rich pinon nuts, and green chili pasta, the food staples of the Northwest and Southwest are as distinctive as their regions of origin.
I can get a good variety of chillis, lima beans and pinon nuts. I choose carefully, and don't order perishable stuff.
Scrub, pinon, and Steller's jays, along with Clark's nutcrackers, all cache pinon nuts for winter food.
According to oral tradition, pinon nuts were a basic food of the earliest Tewa and Navajo ancestors.
The utilization of Pinus edulis seeds--also called pinon nuts, pine nuts, and Indian nuts--has declined dramatically since its peak in the 1930s.
Four generations of Tanners have provided dry goods in trade for jewelry, weavings, and other items produced by the Navajo people, and Ellis Tanner has long served as a broker for pinon nuts gathered by tribe members and sold worldwide in specialty grocery stores.