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Roots used as sedative to relax, without disrupting mental abilities. Chewing fresh kava root has the strongest effect,(may numb mouth) much more than old dry powder, but freshly ground is great too. Many people report increased mental clarity, lasting for days, along with a sense of calmness and well being. Roots have also been used for gonorrhea, cystitis, urinary tract infections, menstrual problems, migraine headaches, lower blood pressure, pain reliever, Don’t take long term, possibly bad for liver. Do not take if pregnant, lactating, taking alcohol, medication or suffering from depression.