pistil


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pistil

(pĭs`tĭl), one of the four basic parts of a flowerflower,
name for the specialized part of a plant containing the reproductive organs, applied to angiosperms only. A flower may be thought of as a modified, short, compact branch bearing lateral appendages.
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, the central structure around which are arranged the stamens, the petals, and the sepals. The pistil is usually called the female reproductive organ of a flowering plant, although the actual reproductive structures are microscopic. The pistil has a bulbous base (the ovary) containing the ovules, which develop into seeds after fertilization of egg cell(s) in the ovule. A pistil is composed of one or more highly modified leaves (carpels), each containing one or more ovules. A flower may have one or more simple pistils, each a separate organ, or, in higher orders, a compound pistil, formed of several fused carpels. Usually, there is above the ovary a stalk (the style) bearing on its tip the stigma, where the pollen grains land and germinate (see pollinationpollination,
transfer of pollen from the male reproductive organ (stamen or staminate cone) to the female reproductive organ (pistil or pistillate cone) of the same or of another flower or cone.
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). The stigma is often sticky or hairy, to retain the pollen. Evolutionary relationships can often be inferred from the location of the ovary in relation to the other parts of the flower. If the stamens, petals, and sepals are attached beneath the ovary, the flower is hypogynous and the ovary is superior; if they are attached above, the ovary is inferior and the flower epigynous; if the ovary is located in a receptacle at the outer edges of which are attached the other flower parts, it is called superior or half-inferior and the flower perigynous. A flower that has one or more pistils but no stamens (or nonfunctional ones) is called pistillate, or female, as distinguished from a staminate, or male, flower, in which the pistil is nonfunctional or absent.

Pistil

 

the reproductive organ of a flower. The pistil, which is located in the center of the flower, typically consists of a hollow and enlarged inferior part—the ovary, a slender and usually cylindrical style or a stylodium, and a stigma. The stigma usually crowns the style or stylodia. If the stylodia are reduced, the stigma sits directly on the ovary. The ovary contains ovules, from which seeds develop after fertilization. The pericarp develops from the walls of the ovary. Thus, the pistil as a whole participates in formation of the fruit. Many botanists consider the term “pistil” to be superfluous because it is synonymous with the apocarpous gynoecium (a simple pistil formed from a single carpel or several free carpels) or with the cenocarpous gynoecium (a compound pistil formed from two or more united carpels).

pistil

[′pist·əl]
(botany)
The ovule-bearing organ of angiosperms; consists of an ovary, a style, and a stigma.

pistil

the female reproductive part of a flower, consisting of one or more separate or fused carpels; gynoecium
References in periodicals archive ?
Abnormal flowers, such as pistil-like appendages which replaced anters on the terminal part of the filaments (Ryugo, 1988), abnormal development of the petals (Philp, 1933), flowers which small more than normal (Engin and Unal, 2003), and double pistil formation (Tucker, 1934; Beppu et al.
Pistils are female and contain eggs in their ovule, located at their base.
Help them to identify the different parts - petals, sepals, stem, pistil, stamens, and leaves.
Nevertheless, except when plant species have pistils with separate styles or style channels (e.
Then, after senescence, the pistils were harvested and stored in separate vials of 70% ethanol for later processing.
Flowers in Cyperoideae usually have a trimerous superior pistil consisting of a trigonous, unilocular ovary, a long single style and three stigmatic branches.
It comprises the base of the pistil and contains one or more ovules.
The seed pods also have 3 compartments, and the tip of the pistil has a 3-parted stigma.
The book is divided into sections by color like ``Blue and Purple Flowers'' and ``Pink Flowers'', a handy indexing method for those, like this reviewer, who don't know a pistil from a stamen.
To confirm that newly chosen plants in our two treatment groups were indistinguishable from one another, we examined whether the two treatment groups in each site and year differed in total flower production, ovules per pistil, and plant, flower, and fruit herbivory levels.
In the process, they determined which genes influenced traits related to pollination: such as flower color, size, and shape; nectar volume and concentration; and pistil and stamen length.
Of the male flower mass, 55% was allocated to stamens, whereas 86% of the female flower mass was allocated to the pistil (9% to the styles and 77% to the ovary).