House of Worship

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House of Worship

 

a building intended for the performance of divine services and religious rituals. Types of houses of worship and the history of their development are determined not only by religious requirements but also by the general development of architecture and building techniques among different peoples in various countries. The architecture of all types of houses of worship (ancient sanctuary, Christian church, Muslim mosque, Jewish synagogue, Buddhist temple) has been influenced by the development of architecture in various countries and has, thus, acquired a vivid national distinctiveness. The importance of a house of worship often goes beyond the cult functions carried out and the religious ideas embodied. Conceptions of the universe are reflected in the symbolism of the architecture and ornament.

In many eras, particularly during the Middle Ages in Europe, houses of worship were also used for public meetings and secular ceremonies and served as memorials to individuals or events. Monumental houses of worship stood out among ordinary buildings and were located in the focal points of cities, having a great effect on urban planning. In the age of capitalism the design of houses of worship became eclectic. Only in the second half of the 20th century has the design of houses of worship become, in comparison with other branches of construction, less subject to practical and economic demands, attracting architects interested in new forms and lighting effects and in new emotionally expressive spatial solutions based on the use of new combinations of old designs. In the USSR those houses of worship that are outstanding monuments of national architecture are protected by the state.

References in periodicals archive ?
Addressing the gathering in the main prayer hall, Shaikh Nahyan said: "I congratulate all of you on your initiative and success in constructing this impressive place of worship.
St Martin's Church has been a place of worship for more than a thousand years.
Sites like eCompliments give members a proactive tool for sharing the good about their local place of worship with others.
Research for the influential Opinion Research Bureau showed 86 per cent of adults in the UK had attended a place of worship in 2005.
6m place of worship have now been erected and work is nearing completion.
to support any ministry or place of worship, religious sect or denomination against his consent.
MEMBERS of a Coventry church are holding a fund-raising walkathon to raise cash for a new place of worship.
After the locals had concreted it over, the nuns set about creating a community centre, which now provides workshops, education and a place of worship for young and old.
After extensive renovations to the exterior of the building, Garden State Brickface, Windows & Siding has restored the building to its former grandeur and enhanced the building's architecture to achieve an ideal place of worship for the 7,000-member strong congregation.
A quarter (28%) of Americans went to a church, temple, mosque or other place of worship while traveling in the U.
This spot could be an elaborate outdoor place of worship.
Louis Kloster won the limited competition for rebuilding the church as a place of worship that could recall traces and memories of the past.