House of Worship

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House of Worship

 

a building intended for the performance of divine services and religious rituals. Types of houses of worship and the history of their development are determined not only by religious requirements but also by the general development of architecture and building techniques among different peoples in various countries. The architecture of all types of houses of worship (ancient sanctuary, Christian church, Muslim mosque, Jewish synagogue, Buddhist temple) has been influenced by the development of architecture in various countries and has, thus, acquired a vivid national distinctiveness. The importance of a house of worship often goes beyond the cult functions carried out and the religious ideas embodied. Conceptions of the universe are reflected in the symbolism of the architecture and ornament.

In many eras, particularly during the Middle Ages in Europe, houses of worship were also used for public meetings and secular ceremonies and served as memorials to individuals or events. Monumental houses of worship stood out among ordinary buildings and were located in the focal points of cities, having a great effect on urban planning. In the age of capitalism the design of houses of worship became eclectic. Only in the second half of the 20th century has the design of houses of worship become, in comparison with other branches of construction, less subject to practical and economic demands, attracting architects interested in new forms and lighting effects and in new emotionally expressive spatial solutions based on the use of new combinations of old designs. In the USSR those houses of worship that are outstanding monuments of national architecture are protected by the state.

References in periodicals archive ?
MEMBERS of a Coventry church are holding a fund-raising walkathon to raise cash for a new place of worship.
After the locals had concreted it over, the nuns set about creating a community centre, which now provides workshops, education and a place of worship for young and old.
A quarter (28%) of Americans went to a church, temple, mosque or other place of worship while traveling in the U.
This spot could be an elaborate outdoor place of worship.
Louis Kloster won the limited competition for rebuilding the church as a place of worship that could recall traces and memories of the past.
A NEW place of worship and community centre will be built in Colwyn Bay.
Grade II-listed St John's Church, in Dowlais, Merthyr Tydfil, hasn't been used as a place of worship for nearly 20 years but is complete with an original stained glass window, a marble memorial and is the burial place of one of the town's greatest iron masters.
Alevis hope to hear of some major steps forward, such as recognition of cemevis as an official place of worship.
Lahore, May 21 ( ANI ): Religious clerics in Sultanpura, Pakistan have demanded for the demolition of an Ahmedi place of worship, which looked too much like a mosque.
At present, more than 35 churches from various denominations use the St Luke's Church in RAK as their official place of worship.
There was a spirit of pride and joy through the expression of our beliefs at each place of worship.
But while regular congregations are falling, last year 85% of the adult population visited a place of worship for a service, event, or for personal interest.