plagiarism


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plagiarism

Using ideas, plots, text and other intellectual property developed by someone else while claiming it is your original work. The content in this encyclopedia was placed online in 1997, and although copyright notices are prominently displayed, thousands of definitions have been, and still are, copied to other websites without permission and without adding any reference to the source, typically in quantities from a half dozen to several hundred.

Viva Texas!
The most interesting copyright infringement was a Texas state agency, which copied about a hundred terms to their site years ago and added just one more of their own. The term they added was "plagiarism." True story! See copyright.

Plagiarism

 

a form of violation of the rights of an author or inventor. It consists of the illegal use under one’s own name of another’s scientific, literary, or musical work, invention, or rationalization proposal, in full or in part, without recognition of the source from which the material was drawn. Under Soviet law, a plagiarist can be charged under either civil or criminal law, depending on the degree of the crime’s social danger.

Under civil law (as set forth in the Civil Code of the RSFSR, arts. 499 and 500), the author—and after his death, his heirs and other persons indicated by law—has the right to demand the restoration of his violated rights, for example, by announcements of the violation in the press. He also has the right to demand a ban on publication of the work or a ban on its distribution. In case of losses incurred, the author may demand restitution. Under criminal law (as set in the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 141), plagiarism is punishable by deprivation of freedom for a period of up to one year or by a fine of up to 500 rubles.

References in periodicals archive ?
There is paraphrasing plagiarism -- paraphrasing someone else's writing without acknowledging the source.There is mosaic or patch writing -- the use of someone else's writing with some minor changes in the words and sentences and presenting it as your own writing.
This does not change the fact that professional attitudes and behaviours are critical in medical education.1 Our objective was to determine the perceptions of medical students towards plagiarism and the reasons students engage in plagiarism.
A teacher at Sharjah Indian School, Latha Narasimhan, said: "Plagiarism in schools and colleges have become common as the Internet offers an exhaustive and never-ending range of information access that is very difficult for youngsters to resist as they are used to shortcuts and technology dependence.
World Association of Medical Editors define this concept as follows: "Plagiarism is the use of others' published and unpublished ideas or words (or other intellectual property) without attribution or permission, and presenting them as new and original rather than derived from an existing source.
The UGC Regulation "Minimum standards & procedure for award of M.Phil/PhD degree", 1st June 2009, mandated all universities to check plagiarism using detection tools of all the theses and dissertations which are uploaded into Shodhganga.
The objective of the workshop was to inform the participants about the types of plagiarism and academic integrity and to guide them about writing research while avoiding plagiarism.
Dr Arshad Ali had resigned from the 18-member commission in its meeting on Saturday over charges of plagiarism.
However, he also said that the commission didn't 'judge' or declare him 'guilty' for plagiarism.
Addressing a press conference, he said the decision to this effect has been taken on the directions of 18 members Commission during an investigation of high profile plagiarism cases being investigated by the HEC.
There are suggestions about how cultures differ in their understanding and acceptance of plagiarism (Sowden, 2005).
Keywords: Cross-lingual Plagiarism, Plagiarism detection, Text similarity analysis, n-Grams, Translational tools.