plagiarism

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plagiarism

Using ideas, plots, text and other intellectual property developed by someone else while claiming it is your original work. The content in this encyclopedia was placed online in 1997, and although copyright notices are prominently displayed, thousands of definitions have been, and still are, copied to other websites without permission and without adding any reference to the source, typically in quantities from a half dozen to several hundred.

Viva Texas!
The most interesting copyright infringement was a Texas state agency, which copied about a hundred terms to their site years ago and added just one more of their own. The term they added was "plagiarism." True story! See copyright.

Plagiarism

 

a form of violation of the rights of an author or inventor. It consists of the illegal use under one’s own name of another’s scientific, literary, or musical work, invention, or rationalization proposal, in full or in part, without recognition of the source from which the material was drawn. Under Soviet law, a plagiarist can be charged under either civil or criminal law, depending on the degree of the crime’s social danger.

Under civil law (as set forth in the Civil Code of the RSFSR, arts. 499 and 500), the author—and after his death, his heirs and other persons indicated by law—has the right to demand the restoration of his violated rights, for example, by announcements of the violation in the press. He also has the right to demand a ban on publication of the work or a ban on its distribution. In case of losses incurred, the author may demand restitution. Under criminal law (as set in the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 141), plagiarism is punishable by deprivation of freedom for a period of up to one year or by a fine of up to 500 rubles.

References in periodicals archive ?
* Students are less likely to plagiarize if they feel connected to a school through bonding with fellow students and teachers, through small classes, and through fresh assignments that require original thought rather than the rehashing of old debates (Ashworth & Bannister, 1997).
Luftig said that sometimes students plagiarize because they do not know how to properly cite sources; therefore, it is important to teach them and promote a culture of academic honesty.
Similarly, there are a number of reasons students provided for their decision not to plagiarize: they fear getting caught; it is easier to actually do the assignment; they respect the professor; they enjoy writing papers; they feel guilty if they plagiarize; they can't afford to buy a paper; the papers online are not specific enough to the topic; and they have a sense of morality.
Given that the author does not fight, the plagiarist considers the following alternative payoffs when considering whether to plagiarize or not:
Links include websites featuring detection tips, prevention training, and sources students may be using to find material to plagiarize.
We can attempt to set plagiarism-proof assignments; we can make it so that students do not want or need to copy; we can devise alternative presentation methods which minimize the opportunity for plagiarism; we can stress process as well as content; we can ask students to provide originals or copies of the sources used; we can make it so hard for the plagiarist to plagiarize that it is easier to do the real work; we can try to promote honorable and ethical attitudes towards work.
It's difficult to say how many students cheat or plagiarize because ...
This was frequently cited by students in McCabe's study as a valid reason to cheat or plagiarize. Indeed, some high schoolers said they felt they had no other option.
It is clear that they went for below-the-radar foreign bands that put out awesome songs they could plagiarize hoping that no one would find out about it.
Marianne Heim, a junior broadcasting student at Colorado State University, said she believes students who plagiarize just do not understand its harm.
I say, Don't mourn, plagiarize! Work me into every creative act that you can, and damn the legal consequences!
This site includes a discussion of why students plagiarize, tips for helping prevent this practice, detection tips and a number of handouts for students.