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see motion picturesmotion pictures,
movie-making as an art and an industry, including its production techniques, its creative artists, and the distribution and exhibition of its products (see also motion picture photography; Motion Picture Cameras under camera).
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a series of sequential photographic images, or frames, associated with a single subject and intended for reproduction on a screen.

In modern cinematography, the following classifications of films are used: feature motion pictures, television films, animated cartoons, newsreel and documentary films, scientific films, educational films, and amateur films. Other classifications correspond to thematic content (historical and adventure films and comedies), cinematographic and projection techniques (silent, sound, black-and-white, color, wide-screen, large-format, panoramic, stereoscopic, and multiscreen films), and projection duration (full-length and short films). Special-purpose films include microfilms, test films, advertising films, and souvenir films.

Most films are produced at specialized motion-picture studios by groups of artistic workers and technical specialists, who use a variety of cinematographic equipment while filming on the studio sets and on location. Films for scientific, technical, and educational purposes are often produced in the motion-picture laboratories of research institutes and educational institutions. Amateur films are usually made in amateur motion-picture studios at clubs, educational institutions, and enterprises, as well as by individual amateurs.


What does it mean when you dream about a film?

One way of examining parts of ourselves we do not wish to look at is to dream that we are seeing them portrayed in a film. Alternatively, it can mean escaping reality.


A thin, membranous skin, such as a pellicle.
The layer adjacent to the valve metal in an electrochemical valve, in which is located the high voltage drop when current flows in the direction of high impedance.
(graphic arts)
Plastic material, such as cellulose acetate or cellulose nitrate, coated with a light-sensitive emulsion, used to make negatives or transparencies in radiography or photography.
A flat section of material that is extremely thin in comparison to its other dimensions and has a nominal maximum thickness of 250 micrometers and a lower limit of thickness of about 25 micrometers. Also known as self-supported film.
A pathological opacity, as of the cornea.
Oxide coating on a metal.


A layer of one or more coats of paint or varnish covering an object or surface.


a. a sequence of images of moving objects photographed by a camera and providing the optical illusion of continuous movement when projected onto a screen
b. a form of entertainment, information, etc., composed of such a sequence of images and shown in a cinema, etc.
c. (as modifier): film techniques
2. a thin flexible strip of cellulose coated with a photographic emulsion, used to make negatives and transparencies
3. Pathol an abnormally opaque tissue, such as the cornea in some eye diseases


Film is an analog method for recording still photos and moving images. Following Daguerreotype photography (see image), still image film was invented by George Eastman in 1885, who founded Eastman Kodak Company three years later.

Film is a strip of plastic coated with an emulsion of light-sensitive silver halide crystals. In monochrome film, the crystals absorb the light. In the development process, they become silver and block the light to become the black areas on the negative. Color film has layers of color sensitive dyes starting on top: blue; yellow to prevent blue leakage; green-blue and red-blue. In development, the color dyes are retained and combine to form the colored image. See film camera.

Roundhay Garden Scene (1888)
Not long after Eastman's invention, French inventor Louis Le Prince made a two-second silent "moving picture," considered to be the oldest surviving movie film.

In the Antique Shop
Kodak film, which is still being made, may some day be history. Years ago, signs such as this were everywhere, but this one was for sale in an antique shop.
References in periodicals archive ?
MRI can be misleading because of local reaction including peritumoral marrow edema, soft tissue edema and inflammation (Figure 20), and joint effusion, which suggests a more aggressive lesion, unlike the plain film exam.
Aetiological factors such as calcification and/or ossification of laryngeal cartilages and ligaments (thyroid cartilage, cricoid cartilages and the pre-vertebral ligament)may also hinder the interpretation of plain films.11
Caption: FIGURE 4: X-ray: the previous multiple bony fractures with callus formation are not prominent on the following plain film radiograph 6 months later.
Caption: FIGURE 1: Abdominal plain film radiography demonstrating multiple dilated small bowel loops.
| 10,442 plain film x-ray examinations remained unreported from January 1 to July 26 this year.
In our patient also, repeat abdominal plain films showed a change in the position of the radioopaque shadow in the pelvis from the right side of the abdomen in the previous film to the left side.
She was evaluated by an orthopedist who requested plain films of the right foot (Figure 1(a)).
(5) In addition to some tenderness overlying the Lisfranc space, slight diastasis may be noted on weightbearing x-ray, though plain films may also appear normal and the injury may only be visualized by MRI.
Rapid diagnosis based on physical findings of crepitus, or plain film findings of gas in the tissue, are necessary to reduce delays in diagnosis and treatment.
(6) A positive PTB test and imaging study (plain film, MRI, or nuclear scintigraphy) were used as the diagnostic gold standard.
After operation we gave these patients clear guidance of rehabilitation and physical training.Radiological measurement: All the plain films were taken according to the method that Lindgren9 in- troduced.
Reporting trauma and emergency plain film radiographs: Radiologists' support for role extension of South African radiographers.