Plaiting

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plaiting

[′plād·iŋ]
(geology)
A texture in some schists that results from the intersection of relict bedding planes with well-developed cleavage planes. Also known as gaufrage.

Plaiting

 

a method of manually joining strips of flexible material (threads, stalks, twigs, bast) by passing each of the strips over and then under the others at a right or oblique angle.

The plaiting of cord, mats, baskets, creels, and snares was known as far back as the Neolithic. Many peoples constructed walls for dwellings and farm buildings by means of plaiting. Its use was developed extensively by the peoples of Australia and Africa and by the Indians of North and South America. These peoples made such items as mats, cloaks, hats, footwear, various utensils, fishing gear, and thongs for lassos. The use of plaiting was particularly widespread in Oceania, where the people plaited utensils (vessels) and seafaring equipment (sails). With great skill, they also plaited belts, fans, bags, and armor. In those regions of the world where animal fur and hide were used for clothing, plaiting played a secondary role. However, the Eskimo and the Aleuts skillfully plaited vessels, hats, and mats, using primarily seaweed stalks.

The refinement of plaiting techniques led to weaving. The procedure has remained primarily a manual form of production. In modern mechanized textile manufacturing, mainly braids and laces are produced by plaiting.

References in periodicals archive ?
VERSATILE, sexy, and quick - plaits are huge this summer and the best thing is - they are easy to do.
USE a bristle brush to get rid of any knots then, using your hands, pull the hair into a ponytail as high or low as you want it - the middle of the head is my favourite for this plaited style.
See just how many bunches, scrunchies, plaits, bands, bobbles, clips, slides and/or rollers (you get the idea) you can fit in your locks for the day.
4 Twist the plait directly up the back of your head in the centre before tucking the loose end under and pinning in place.
Start a normal plait, taking the right strand and crossing it over the middle, then left over middle etc.
Try and keep the plait tight to your head - you can loosen it out later.
Then loosely plait and work in larger sections from underneath and behind the ears until the plait reaches the nape of the neck and tie with a ribbon.
After strapping on an apron I was taken into the kitchen and shown a list of ingredients to make a poppy seed plait.
Victoria is a fan of a side plait, while Scarlett wore a halo braid to the premiere of Avengers Assemble.
Pretty plait 1 1 2 Do the first two steps for my tousled beach wave hair style.
"For a fresh take on the trend, go for a Heidi-inspired up do and plait your hair into two pigtail-style plaits before bringing over the top of your head and securing behind each ear with a hair grip.