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Plantation,city (1990 pop. 66,692), Broward co., SE Fla., a residential suburb of Fort Lauderdale; inc. 1953. The city has grown rapidly along with the development of S Florida. Major housing developments and the presence of banking companies have marked Plantation's urban boom. The National Hockey League's Florida Panthers play in neighboring Sunrise.
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A large estate or farm on which crops such as cotton, tobacco, or sugar are grown and harvested, often by resident workers. These were mostly built with slave labor and one family’s economic fortune. Usually contains a variety of outbuildings, such as smokehouses, livery stables, blacksmith shop and slave quarters. Also, a newly established colony or settlement.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
plantationa large agrarian estate, usually organized on a corporate basis, producing a single crop for a large-scale market. Often the owners will have interests outside of agriculture, in industry or commerce. Plantations may be either capitalist (employing wage-labour) or noncapitalist (using nonwage labour). Major examples of the use of nonwage labour were the slave plantations of North America, Brazil and the Caribbean, producing mainly sugar and cotton, from the 17th to the 19th-century In colonial Africa and Asia, the establishment of tea and other plantations involved the colonial authorities using various forms of coercion in order to ensure a labour supply. In the 20th-century, plantations have increasingly been organized on capitalist lines with larger amounts of capital investment and relying on a small permanent labour force and salaried administrators supplemented with seasonal wage-labour mainly for harvesting. The seasonal labour may come from the locality sometimes from PEASANTS who supplement their income with plantation work, but often involves longer-distance movements. Some people move from area to area following the various seasons of harvesting. This arrangement is common in parts of the THIRD WORLD with plantations now mainly producing for export and decisions about which crops are planted being influenced by the world market and consumption in the advanced capitalist countries.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
(1) A large agricultural estate in capitalist countries.
(2) A large plot of land used for a specific agricultural crop, such as a sugar-beet plantation or a tea plantation.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
1. an estate, esp in tropical countries, where cash crops such as rubber, oil palm, etc., are grown on a large scale
2. a group of cultivated trees or plants
3. (formerly) a colony or group of settlers
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005