"When one of these particles hits a spacecraft, it can generate an electric charge, a little plasma cloud
, and that can shorten-out a satellite," says Koschny.
A plasma cloud
trails the dwarf planet for tens of thousands of miles, as the solar wind slowly strips away its already-tenuous atmosphere.
A wide angle requirement is necessary to enableestimation of plasma cloud
extent and velocity.
For the grafting of PNIPAM to the PCTEPM we employed a plasma-induced technique that has been previously reported in the literature  and, which, consists of exposing the PCTEPM to an oxygen (air is used for our case) plasma cloud
that creates metastable chemical radicals on the surface of the membrane.
The CME is not fully directed toward Earth, but some of the plasma cloud
may be visible in the magnetosphere as an aurora between August 9 and August 10.
As "Plasmatron" implies, a plasma cloud
of ionized gas is generated, through which atomized fuel is passed.
Her tonsils were removed at Blackburn Royal Infirmary using a relatively new procedure, that creates a plasma cloud
This procedure is done by electronically turning salt water into a plasma cloud
and it is that which dissolves the tissue.'
The field concentrates the charged gas into a 1 billion [degrees] C, doughnut-shaped plasma cloud
that encircles the planet during storms, says Mitchell.
For, after the initial explosive outburst, the opaque plasma cloud
in our quadrant would have followed the standard model and condensed out in stages to form quarks, then protons, then atoms of hydrogen and helium, and eventually galaxies of stars, continually expanding to fill the void it had brought about.
And, finally, in Voyager, Janeway enters a plasma cloud
while trying to escape a pursuing Vidiian craft.
Helium has a sufficiently high ionization temperature to resist forming a large plasma cloud
in the multikilowatt peak power levels produced by enhanced pulsing.