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house construction technique involving the application of plaster to walls and ceilings, exterior plasterwork being of a different composition and generally known as stuccostucco
, in architecture, a term loosely applied to various kinds of plasterwork, both exterior and interior. It now commonly refers to a plaster or cement used for the external coating of buildings, most frequently employed in Mediterranean countries.
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. Plaster was used by the Egyptians (chiefly as a surface to receive color decorations) and by the Greeks. The Romans used it extensively, and there remain, especially at Pompeii, many ceilings and walls, with beautiful relief ornamentation, of a hard, fine plaster. Italian Renaissance artists imitated this Roman work, and relief ornament in plaster was employed in England for the rich ceilings and interiors of the reigns of Henry VIII, Elizabeth I, and James I and later in those designed by the architects Robert and James Adam. In the United States many fine ornamented plaster ceilings were executed in the 18th cent. Interior plastering is applied over a base that will furnish a proper grip—by means of interstices provided by wood lath or metal lath or by irregularities of surface such as in hollow tile. To secure best results three successive coats of plaster are requisite in most types of work. The first, or scratch, coat, composed of sand and lime mixed with abundant hair or fiber, must be thoroughly grounded into the lath and before it hardens is scratched to provide key, or adhesion, for the next coat. The second, called the brown coat in the United States and the floating coat in Great Britain, is composed of sand and lime, without hair, and is worked to a hard, compact texture, with its surface roughened to receive the final coat. The third, or white, finishing coat is composed of plaster of paris, slaked lime, and white sand, mixed with water to form a paste. It is troweled on the wall to form a hard, smooth surface, the process requiring a skilled worker. Moldings, cornices, and relief ornament are cast separately and then mounted into place. In former times ornamental details were molded in their location, from the damp plaster. Often substituted for plastered walls is plasterboard, a prefabricated material composed of paperboard and gypsum.


See F. Van Den Branden and M. Knowles, Plastering Skill and Practice (1953, repr. 1971); J. R. Diehl, Manual of Lathing and Plastering (1960, repr. 1965).

References in periodicals archive ?
Some have tried to confuse the two issues by claiming that plaster spots are etching (which has never been proven), and that onBalance is therefore trying to claim that aggressive water does not etch plaster, or that plastering practices cause etching.
This book mostly focuses on plastering strawbale buildings, but goes into plenty of detail about how to make your own earthen plasters from your local subsoil.
All too often, DIY plastering is something to disguise as best you can.
If you're not tempted to try your hand at plastering, hire a professional.
The difficulty of readily seeing plasterers' contributions to today's construction projects is that the face of plastering has changed so dramatically.
Plastering begins with the scratch coat, a sort of undercoat meant to even out the rough spots in the gunite, and this involves use of the biggest trowels, straight 22s.
Like many other natural builders, we learned it's not necessary to use chicken wire over strawbales before plastering. In fact, the first coast of earth plaster adheres better if you just mash it directly into the prickly straw surface.
the services described below essentially include din 18350 plastering and stucco work, din 18459 demolition and dismantling work overview of the essential services to be provided: - protection of floor surfaces by laying out foil / milk carton paper / hardboard about 680 m 2 - protection of walls / components by hanging fleece / foil approx.
But for many, the thought ofDIY plastering is an off-putting one,best pushed to the backs of their minds.
Among others, the following interior plaster works are planned for execution - 33 m 2 protect window and floor surfaces - prime 296 m 2 of wall surfaces - prime 88 m 2 concrete wall and ceiling surfaces - span 10 m slots - dip 40 m electrical slots - 57 m corner protection rails - 100 m plaster separating rails - 77 m 2 plaster ceiling plaster - 182 m 2 gypsum wall plaster - 21 m 2 plaster reinforcement with glass fiber fabric - 50 m plastering of wooden window frames - coat 11 pcs of steel surround frames - 218 m 2 lime cement plaster under tiled surfaces