A diagnosis of consistent with PPFE4 is made when the above-described intra-alveolar fibrosis with alveolar septal elastosis is present and is without significant pleural fibrosis
, or is not predominantly beneath the pleura or not in the upper lobe biopsy.
Among the more unusual is that of bromocriptine in causing pleural fibrosis
in patients previously exposed to asbestos (Eur Resp J 1997; 10: 2711-5).
Nonspecific pleural fibrosis
frequently overlies the pulmonary apical cap (hematoxylin-eosin, original magnification X40).
Asbestos is a particularly dangerous substance which can cause serious illnesses such as pulmonary and pleural fibrosis
, cancer of the lungs, the pleura and the peritoneum.
Fake fat" phenomenon: irregular airspaces due to pulling artifact in a case of pleural fibrosis
in a 3-year-old child with fistula that is negative for S100.