pleural effusion

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pleural effusion

[‚plu̇r·əl i′fyü·zhən]
(medicine)
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the area between the membranes lining the lungs and the chest cavity (the pleural space).
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Pleural fluid aspiration was done by the conventional technique after confirmation of presence of fluid in pleural cavity and confirming suitable site for aspiration by ultrasound of chest.
The biochemical composition of the pleural fluid was as follows: TP, 88 g/L; LDH, 84 U/L; cholesterol, 0.
Besides being gold standard for pleural fluid localization, TUS has now a superior role for identification of pneumothoraces in a supine trauma patient or patients in intensive care unit, compared to conventional chest radiography4.
5] Several studies have suggested that an elevated pleural fluid ADA level predicts tuberculous pleuritis with a sensitivity and specificity of 90%-100%.
It has been suggested that higher levels of ADA in pleural fluid better predict the diagnosis of TB with a sensitivity of 90 to 100% and a specificity of 89 to 100% when using the Guisti method (6).
Diagnostic performance of different pleural fluid biomarkers in tuberculous pleurisy.
Ziehl-Neelsen staining of the pleural fluid sediments was negative in all except one case.
2 Pleural effusion may be transudative or exudative as classified by pleural fluid protein to serum protein ratio and pleural fluid LDH to serum LDH ratio.
Conclusion: CPB is better than pleural fluid cytology alone with the later adding little to diagnostic yield when both combined in distinguishing TPE from MPE, the two main differential of exudative PE in a TB-Endemic country.
NTHi strains were obtained from four infection sites: nasopharyngeal or throat isolates from healthy children, strains cultured from middle ear aspirates from children with otitis media and pleural fluid and conjunctiva isolates obtained from children with invasive diseases.
Q We are looking for information regarding reference ranges for Pleural Fluid for Total Protein, LD, Glucose, Amylase, pH, Cholesterol, and Triglyceride, Peritoneal Body Fluids for Albumin, Total Protein, and Amylase.