plunging breaker

plunging breaker

[′plənj·iŋ ′brāk·ər]
(oceanography)
A breaking wave whose crest curls over and collapses suddenly. Also known as spilling breaker; surging breaker.
References in periodicals archive ?
Low-grazing-angle (LGA) sea-spike backscattering from plunging breaker crests," IEEE Trans.
The evolution of the wave breaking is sorted into three stages: plunging breakers, spilling breakers and surging breakers.
Dynamics of surf zone turbulence in a strong plunging breaker.
Investigation of turbulence in a plunging breaker wave.
Internal characteristics and numerical analysis of plunging breaker on a slope.
Parameters, describing the weak plunging breaker T, s [h.
This is one of the major differences between spilling and plunging breakers.
Doppler shifts [8] of the 2-D plunging breaker were studied, showing the Doppler splitting phenomenon around the portion of jets.
Using the rigorous numerical method, the electromagnetic scattering of two typical 3-D breaking wave crests, the LONGTANK series [20] and the measured 2-D plunging breaker [21], is studied by azimuthally aligning the individual 2-D breaking wave crest to synthesize the 3-D sea surface model.
In these studies, the LONGTANK series obtained by numerical simulation and the plunging breaker obtained by experimental measurement are considered as typical models and have been widely used in the electromagnetic analysis of breaking waves.
Then, the 3-D plunging breaker is studied as the second experiment to demonstrate this phenomenon.
There are three types of breaking waves: surging breakers, spilling breakers, and plunging breakers.