Subcutaneous emphysema, pneumomediastinum, pneumopericardium
, pneumorachis, and pneumoretroperitoneum revealing an unknown foreign body aspiration.
Further, SE may also develop in the prefascial planes, causing life-threatening complications such as pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, and pneumopericardium
Air leak syndrome refers to the extravasation of air from the tracheobronchial tree into the lung parenchyma and pleural spaces where it is not normally present, and includes pneumothorax, pulmonary interstitial emphysema, pneumomediastinum, pneumopericardium
, pneumoperitoneum, subcutaneous emphysema, and systemic air embolism.
The CT also showed extensive pneumomediastinum, the presence of pneumopericardium
, large epidural pneumatosis, retropharyngeal-prevertebral pneumatosis, and air in paraesophageal spaces without pneumothorax (Figure 4).
(PPC) in the neonatal period is a rare clinical condition, usually associated with other air leak syndrome [1-4].
Pneumorrhachis, pneumomediastinum, pneumopericardium
and subcutaneous emphysema as complications of bronchial asthma.
Kawabata, "Transient elevation of ST-segment due to pneumothorax and pneumopericardium
," Autopsy and Case Reports, vol.
On hospital day 15, chest X-ray revealed air in the pericardial sac, that is, pneumopericardium
, consistent with a direct extension of the known cavitary fungal pneumonia in the chest through the mediastinum into the pericardium (Figure 2).
Complications include the need for tracheostomy or thoracic drainage, mediastinitis, an air embolism [2, 7,11,15,16], pneumoperitoneum, pneumopericardium
, and necrotising fasciitis .
1) was reviewed and revealed mediastinal air (pneumomediastinum and pneumopericardium
Still, patients should be admitted for close monitoring of potential life-threatening complications such as air leaking into the pericardial sac, causing a pneumopericardium
Air leak syndromes (pneumomediastinum, pneumopericardium
, and interstitial emphysema) cannot be easily identified using LUS.