pneumoperitoneum


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pneumoperitoneum

[¦nü·mō‚per·ə·tə′nē·əm]
(medicine)
The presence of air or gas in the peritoneal cavity.
Injection of a gas into the peritoneal cavity as a diagnostic or therapeutic measure.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cdyn was calculated as TV / (Ppeak -PEEP) at T1 (after intubation), T2 (10 min after pneumoperitoneum), T3 (40 min after pneumoperitoneum), and T4 (10 min after pneumoperitoneum stopped).
With the increasing use of laparoscopy for different kinds of surgical procedures, it has become imperative to identify and minimize the complications associated with first port and creating a pneumoperitoneum. The rationale of doing a study on this topic is to compare the two different access techniques and identify, if possible, the procedure with minimum complication.
Spontaneously perforated pyometra: an unusual cause of acute abdomen and pneumoperitoneum. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2012; 94: 246-248.
Abdominal radiographs can raise suspicion for obstruction by demonstrating dilated colon and the presence of intramural bowel gas or pneumoperitoneum. A CT study of the abdomen and pelvis is the gold standard for diagnosing large-bowel obstruction and can be useful in delineating the etiology and location of the obstruction.
Three consecutive failures in saline test were taken as 'Failed technique', and the case was converted to open method of pneumoperitoneum. Free flow of saline through the needle was taken as successful placement.
T1--arrival at the operating room, T2--5 min before skin incision, T3--5 min, T4--10 min, T5--15 min after pneumoperitoneum, Mean difference--Mean of Group C minus mean of Group P, Group P--preemptive hydromorphone group, Group C--control group.
He was diagnosed with colonic barotrauma secondary to insufflation of jet air through the rectum causing tension pneumoperitoneum.
However preoperative optimization of cardiac status, administration of balanced anaesthesia, proper intraoperative monitoring and low pressure pneumoperitoneum are essential steps to patient safety.
(3.) Gurusamy KS, Vaughan J, Davidson BR: Low pressure versus standard pressure pneumoperitoneum in laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
'A CT scan done on February 15 indicated the patient had a gaseous abdomen band while another CT scan on February 16 indicated she had severe pneumoperitoneum, indicating a perforated hollow viscus,' a court document reads.
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